A Cultural, Historical and Entertaining Tourist Destination
The Illyrians were the first inhabitants of Croatia and it was also the former colony of the Celts and Greeks. The forefathers of Slavs that currently populate the modern Croatia came to the island in 7th century. The country was divided into two dukedoms. To the north was the Pannonia duchy and to the south was the Dalmatian duchy. Duke Branimir was the first known ruler of the Croats.
Croatia, along with Slavonia, later became a military frontier and was transformed into an uninhabited area. The Serbs, German, and other tribes alternately settled in the area. The Ottoman Empire's control of Hungary and Croatia fell in the 1700s and the Austrians took over. As Vienna also fell, the eastern part of Croatia was disputed between France and Austria. By 1815, Dalmatia and Istria were seized by the Habsburg of Austria. It was only in 1868 that Croatia gained its full autonomy, following a series of revolutions fuelled by romantic nationalism.
In 1921, Croatia was under a centralized authority and in 1929 it became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1934, the leader of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, King Aleksandar, was assassinated. It gained Croatia a little autonomy but it was short-lived as the Axis powers took over Yugoslavia. The Axis occupation gave way for the Ustase Party to form the Independent State of Croatia. Led by Ante Pavelic, the independent state implemented racial laws and executed many Serbs, Jews, and Roma.
A number of organized demonstrations were formed to fight against the fascist regime. In 1991, Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia but the Yugoslav government tried to chase after Croatia. A three-month siege ensued until the Serbian forces gained control of the city of Vukovar. Later, the international communities recognized Croatia as an independent country. Today, Croatia is set to join the European Union.
Main Tourist Attractions
Since Croatia is surrounded by beautiful beaches and pristine islands, it is a favorite destination for tourists who want to soak up the Croatian sun. The privacy that each island offers entices those who want to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city life.
The region of Dubrovnik boasts of a beautiful island bathed in lush forests, vineyards, and serene villages. The Mljet Island is known for its national park that is occupied with salt water lakes and an old Benedictine monastery. Odysseus himself was said to have fallen in love with the beauty of the island. The City Walls is another attraction in Dubrovnik. It was built in the 13th century, encompassing the city of Dubrovnik. It almost took two centuries before the structure was completed. Climbing the steep stone stairway is worth the trip when gazing down at the impressive view of the sea and the ancient city. Marin Drzic's House also draws fans of the Croatian literary master. His home is now turned into a museum where visitors are given the opportunity to witness his work and biography.
Zagreb is also home to some of the greatest tourist sites in Croatia. The Andautonia Archeological Park, the Croatian National Museum and National Theater give visitors a glimpse of the extraordinary life and works of art of modern and ancient Croatia. The Town Squares are filled with activities, historic buildings, monuments, and other magnificent structures that can make the trip worthwhile.
Uniqueness of the Country
What makes this country unique is its cultural heritage that made a mark in world history. Each period that comprises this country's history is regarded as valuable and made an important contribution to civilization. The Croatian culture is deeply etched into the culture of the entire Western Europe and a significant part of the Southeastern Europe. The Pre-Romanesque, the Renaissance, and the modern Croatian art are also important part of the European culture. Croatia's heritage is one of a kind because it is an intermingling of sources from the four corners of the world.