Dandruff is a common condition faced by many people, especially in their early 20's. It is a disorder of the scalp in which flakes of skin appear. There are two types of dandruff. The first is basically a fungal infection is known as pityriasis capitis. In this condition, the skin of the scalp renews itself continuously.

The new cells formed in the lower layers of the skin gradually push to the surface as more new cells formed beneath them. As these cells reach the surface, they die and are continuously shed from the surface. Seborrhoeic dermatitis, the second type, occurs when the scalp is very oily, causing larger and greasier flakes.

Some of the symptoms of dandruff, besides flaking of the skin, are tingling and itching of the scalp accompanied sometimes by soreness, redness, and greasiness of the scalp. While the causes of dandruff are hitherto unknown, some of the factors that aggravate the formation are exposure to extreme temperatures; not combing enough to shed the skin; dryness of the scalp; infrequent shampooing; certain skin diseases like psoriasis, Parkinson's disease, and eczema capitis; adverse reactions to hair or skin care products; and diets which lack in nutrients like zinc, vitamin B, and fats.

Most people diagnose dandruff by themselves without the aid of a physician. The characteristic white flakes on your scalp are typical of this condition. However, conditions like psoriasis or eczema can give rise to symptoms that are very similar to those of dandruff. Hence, when in doubt, it is always better to consult a dermatologist to be on the safer side.

Dandruff is treated according to the duration and severity of the condition. Dandruff treatment involves the use of an anti-fungal or anti dandruff shampoo, which contains active ingredients like Zinc pyrithione, Selenium sulphide, Coal tar, Ketoconazole, Salicylic acids, Tea-tree oil, and Green Tea.

Here are some tips that can help you to get rid of dandruff. Mix two tablespoons of vinegar and six tablespoons of hot water. Dab with cotton into the scalp. Rinsing your hair using the juice of one lemon in a cup of hot water is extremely good for dandruff.

Give your hair a hot steam bath. Massage hot oil with a damp towel and leave it on the head like a turban so that the steam can fight dandruff. Add 1 teaspoon of camphor to half a cup of coconut or neem oil. Store it in glass container and massage this oil into the scalp before going to bed. Mix 1 teaspoon of castor, mustard and coconut oil each and massage into the scalp. Stroke your hair every night before sleeping as every hair root has a sebaceous gland that supplies oil to keep the hair soft and gleaming. Press the bristles of the brush against the scalp to exercise those glands. This will help reduce your dandruff naturally.

Dandruff can also be a major cause of hair fall. Therefore, it should not be taken very lightly. A dermatologist may use sophisticated equipment such as Wood's lamp, the trichoscan, or the video microscope to assess the condition of your scalp. So, getting diagnosed earlier can save you of a lot of trouble in the near future. After all, a stitch in time saves nine!