Forgot your password?

Defining Dyslexia

This article has been generously donated to InfoBarrel for Charities.
By Edited May 4, 2015 1 4

Dyslexia has long been the hidden disability for many a peoples. In Ireland and United States of America there is on "average approximately 10% - 15% of the population that has some form of "Dyslexia".

Defining Dyslexia is not just one meaning with one cure in result. There are many forms of Dyslexia and then, there, are other forms of specific learning disabilities that is neurological in origin. Defining the term of Dyslexia is defining from evaluating and identifying with the form of Dyslexia you or your child might have. Attaining, Dyslexia could be due to inheriting it genetically or attaining it from an accident that involved brain injuries.

The causes and effects of dyslexia is still of concern and much interest to doctors and research scientists. "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) by The American Psychiatric Association has no reference to Dyslexia been a mental disorder". Yet, those having been diagnosed with Dyslexia have been subjected from been ridiculed and treated as a outcast by society of profession career peoples.

Many simply saying people with Dyslexia are only good with hands on jobs from watching and learning. Many people with Dyslexia have been through the trials of been refer to by people as as been called Retarded, Stupid, Freak or Weirdo.

When you look at the peoples with Dyslexia it makes liars out of those that consider, Dyslexia as a Mental Disorder that cannot advance or overcome challenges. Famous people known to have Dyslexia are among as many as:

Albert Einsten, Thomas Edison, John Britten and Alexander Graham Bell,

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Winston Churchill and John F. Kennedy

Robin Williams, Cher, Tom Cruise, John Lennon and Jackie Stewart.

What is mentally challenging with having Dyslexia is, reading, writing and expression. These are the challenging issues that people with Dyslexia must overcome. Overcoming them is getting the proper educators that can educate to overcome such disorders in education. In doing so, all can be easily helped when diagnosed at a early age. For the longer it is left unaided the harder it becomes for someone to be given a proper education.

Early detection for children of pre-school age really starts in the home and can be noticed by the following:

Delays in speech.

Learns new words slowly.

Has difficulty rhyming words as in nursery rhymes.

Very little letter knowledge of A,B,C's.

Letter reversal, example: f - J, b - p.

In recent years many famous and successful adults have gone public about their learning struggles with Dyslexia. It now has many definitions and research has shown all new different forms of Dyslexia from the updating and further researching of "Dyslexia".

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. Its difficulties is been accurate or fluent in word recognition and memory of words not used often. It can also show through with poor spelling and decoding of words. Using spelling pronounced (right-in, for: writing) to correct or clarify in writing to be understood in education. Getting words and letters backward as seeing "was" as "saw" or "b" as "d" . This is common to pupils with Dyslexia.

Dyslexia and its learning disability manifests itself as a difficulty with reading, decoding and comprehension with long term retention in some severe cases. There is a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing. As Dyslexia is also a sight and sound disability. Obtaining corrective lenses with colored shades can correct most of the problems surrounded with dyslexia via sight.

The symptoms of Eye-Tracking problems:

Needing to run a finger underneath the line when reading.

Reading the same line again or skipping lines.

Losing concentration after a short time when reading a book.

Guessing the letters at the end of words.

Having tired eyes.

The words on the paper appearing to be blurred.

The words seem to float around the page when reading.

Needing to rub eyes after reading for a period of time.

Difficulty in reading and writing in Black and White.

Needing to close one eye when reading (Voluntary Occlusion).

Feeling slightly quesy when reading for a period of time.

These are signs of a person who has an eye-tracking difficulty. Usually a person will have 2 -4 of these signs but not all the signs. An Optician that is specialist in Dyslexia can correct this problem with proper lenses. The lenses will have a diminsion cut as like some people need bi-focals to read properly. An Optician Specialist in Dyslexia can explain it better if, your child is complaining that the words are drifting off the pages when he/she is reading. Or also his/her eyes keep twincing and need rubbing more so than most that read (the nerval optics).

In the sound area of hearing to comprehend in speaking, people with Dyslexia can reduce this by avoiding the "Glue Ear" or "Swimmers Ear" effect. Doing this by cutting down on cow dairy products such as cheese, milk and yogurts. Goats milk and cheese substitutes will help in reducing glue ear as soya base products will also. Diet for those with Dyslexia or any kind of Neurological deficiency is sometimes half the cure.

With the aid of computerized brain scans such as "Positron Emission Tomography (PET)", in recent developed studies, they have shown in further research that, dyslexia is located in the brain. Damage to the brain can also cause a reading disability similar to dyslexia. This is known as acquired Dyslexia or Alexia.

The following learning disabilities often occur also in people with dyslexia or alexia. It is still unclear whether these learning disabilities have the same underlying neurological causes with dyslexia.

Cluttering: " is a speech fluency disorder involving both the rate and rhythm of speech. This results in impaired speech intelligibility. Speech is erratic and dys-rhythmic, consisting of rapid and jerky spurts which usually involve faulty phrasing. The personality of the cluterer bears striking resemblance to the personalities of those with learning disabilities".

Dysgraphia: "is a disorder which expresses itself primarily during writing or typing. Although in some cases it may also affect eye - hand coordination in such direction or sequence oriented processes as in tying knots or carrying out a repetitive task. Dysgraphia is distinct from Dyspraxia in that the person may have the word to be written in the proper order of steps in mind quite clearly but carries the sequence out in the wrong order when typing or writing it down".

Dyscalculia: "is a neurological condition characterised by a problem with learning fundamentals and one or more of the basi numbeical skills. Often people with this condition can understand very complex mathematical concepts and principles but have difficulty processing formulae and even basic addition and subtraction".

That is some of the other types with definitions of Dyslexia. Although, it is mostly defined as a learning disability in the area of reading. Some of the other types of Dyslexia included too as follows:





Dyslexia: originates from the two Greek words "dys" (meaning "Difficulty") and "lexia" (meaning "Language")".

In 1887, "Rudolf Belin of Germany" used the word "Dyslexia" to describe the inability to read. Since then Dyslexia has been shown to have 3 cognitive subtypes:




Dyslexia is is not an intellectual disability. It is shown as a learning disability and a reading disability. Dyslexia and IQ are not inter-related. Reading and cognition develop independently in individuals who have Dyslexia. This depends on education and training and the awareness of what is Dyslexia in the home and community of people with Dyslexia.

To not know about it is to not be able to help any with it (Dyslexia). To have no kind of understanding makes it difficult for all to even relate to have empathy so, as to help others when in education and training to understand their others pupils in the classroom.

Defining the word "Dyslexia" is many a dictionary to look up. Finding what kind of Dyslexia a person has is knowing what it means and their type of Dyslexia. Early detection is half the battle. With proper learning techniques a person can go on to overcoming the hurdles and difficulties so, as to obtain a proper education that encludes reading, writing, speaking and co-ordination with cognitive for retaination.

I know this much is true as I have "Acquired Dyslexia" also known as "Alexia" from right frontal and back brain and skull injuries, I occurred as a child. My vision is where I am affected most and I am not the best of spellers. Corrective lenses really is half the battle for me. Been among the rest listed as Dyslexia is to know what is gifted.

Yet, in Education and Training? they, are so disregarded as so was I, that said noting of either or neither on what type of Dyslexia I had. You learn early not to say too much as once they label you the stigmantation sticks and then you are left in the back of the classroom.

One thing though, Feeding the brian with the right types of food and juices is the name of the game (zinc and omega). Getting too strung out on junk food and too much meat will take away from the Dyslexia people. So when looking at the types of foods to best eat, is the other half of the battle with, Dyslexia no matter what level.

So, to me having Alexia, is having to wear corrective lenses with colored shades and a good balanced light diet with eating when hungry yet, light and healthy. That is what I have found and doctors where else I have lived helping me get there. Yet, I say that, knowing I am Alexia and not Dyslexia. However, along on my travels many have agreed with me that are Dyslexia.

As far as pigging out? We would plan it so, we have not much planned as in things to do. Then like most all in general, we would eat, drink and be merry so when we fell down or hit a deep sleep, we were already there (Home).

Dyslexia and Alexia People can see eye to eye. The only difference is one is a ongoing research development program with genius that have dyslexia and others building up the research and development programmes for Dyslexia. As far as the others ("alexia people?), somewhere and at sometime in their life like me, they suffered bad head injuries that caused them to have learning disabilities. Dyslexia and Alexia People are in the majority when it is said right with no covering up and seperating them

This then allows those that care to learn more and develope programmes to help all of:

Those who are Dyslexia.

Those who are Alexia.

Those who are Educators.

Those who are Doctors.

Those who Care to want to know more.

One thing though, whether Dyslexia or Alexia seeing in Black and White is not a happy place or does it stimulates the brain. In fact it can be distrubing to be around people who dress in black and white as does most professionals. Watching television is dull and headache city as with reading print in black and white.

The seeing of things is seeing in all angles and as in life, all is in color and not in black and white. The grey matter is what developes and in research "The Grey Matter" is the research and discovery for Dyslexia. And Austism too.



Aug 31, 2010 10:27am
Very well covered article. It is not knowing and understanding the problems that your child is having that makes it hard. We could see that our son wrote his name back to front and we thought he was reading ok but he was looking at the pictures.
He battled at school but with extra help from different people and us he now can read and write good (adult now). But hard when younger, great article rated up. Thanks for writing about this it should help some.
Sep 4, 2010 1:13pm
Thanks Eileen,

Using the computer helps with all the spell checking and such matters. Also, there is the other interest that grasps their interest better where they excel and show creativity of very high standards.

Dec 5, 2010 9:29am
Wow, that was a very in depth article. I know that George Lopez grew up with Dyslexia as well as many other famous people.
Dec 7, 2010 4:42am
Thank you. A lot of the special needs classes get cut that really should be kept to develop and help at an early stage in learning.

Add a new comment - No HTML
You must be logged in and verified to post a comment. Please log in or sign up to comment.

Explore InfoBarrel

Auto Business & Money Entertainment Environment Health History Home & Garden InfoBarrel University Lifestyle Sports Technology Travel & Places
© Copyright 2008 - 2016 by Hinzie Media Inc. Terms of Service Privacy Policy XML Sitemap

Follow IB Lifestyle