Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes is the most common form of diabetes that occurs in children. About 90% of diabetic children suffer from this form of diabetes. The diabetes in children is caused by the inability of the organ in the body that produces insulin to produce enough insulin for the body to utilize. This is subsequent to what is known as an autoimmune disease of the pancreas that destroys the cells that produce insulin.
There has been a worldwide trend of increasing incidence of juvenile diabetes This might be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Interestingly most of the children with diabetes do not have a family history of diabetes. Therefore some other factors must be responsible for the increase in incidence of this type of diabetes that is seen in children
A child with diabetes would have the same symptoms as adults. These symptoms of diabetes in children would include thirst, weight loss, fatigue, and frequent urination. Another common symptom of diabetes in children is an increase stomach pains, headaches and behavior problems. Unexplained abdominal pains for a couple of weeks would put the doctor on alert for a possibility of diabetes in a child.
How to manage type 1 diabetes in children
Presently there is no definite cure for diabetes, while this might seem like unpleasant news for the diabetic child, there are definitely ways to manage diabetes effectively. Managing diabetes properly would lead to many years of living well and healthy. Visiting your pediatrician is the first step in management diabetes in children. You would need to know as much information as you can get. The pediatrician would inform you if your child does really have diabetes, and what type of diabetes it is. The doctor would also inform you about other information that you may need to take care of the diabetic child.
Controlling the glucose cycle is the fundamental basis for effective management of child hood diabetes. This cycle is impacted by the entry of glucose into the blood and the level of insulin in the blood that controls the exit of glucose form the blood. Diet and exercise affects significantly the level of blood glucose. In most instances the management of diabetes comes with some dietary modification. It may sometime require a radical lifestyle change. Another key component of the management of childhood diabetes is frequent blood sugar monitoring. It has become a lot less stressful to monitor blood sugar with various brands of glucose meter that are now available. All it requires is a simple drop of blood into the test strip and the result of the test is gotten within minutes. As the child grows the management of juvenile diabetes would change and be modified to in accordance to the present circumstances.