Ever wonder how fabrics get those wonderful colors and patterns? Most fabric is dyed during the processing at the textile mills. Some patterns take special techniques to produce the end result. Three particular patterns are unique in their design. These three patterns are the ombré, the tie dye, and the batik patterns.
What is Batik
Perhaps the most interesting of the three patterns is the batik. The word batik is thought by many historians to have come from the Javanese word “tik” which means “to dot.” Batik dyed fabric originated in Indonesia where even today the fabric is dyed by hand in some areas. In Java, Indonesia, dyeing cloth using this technique is considered an ancient art form. There are several thousand patterns recorded and many are considered ancient designs.
To make the pattern, the design is drawn with liquid wax. Sometimes the design is pre-drawn on the cloth and the
As technology advanced and countries became more industrialized, automated techniques were used to produce the batik fabric. In the 19th century the wax began to be applied with large copper stamps or caps. This method allowed the batik designs to be mass produced. To delineate the technique used, the mass-produced fabric designs are labeled as batik cap or batik print. Fabric with designs using the hand waxing and dyeing with the canting tool is called batik tulis.
Dyeing Fabric with Ombré Pattern
Ombré is a more recent pattern. The name means “to shade” or “shaded or shadowed” in French and refers to a pattern of color graduation. It is often called dip-dyeing due to the actual
Garments being dyed with graduated coloring requires it to be either slowly pulled from the dye, or portions rolled onto a rod until ready for dipping. The portions of fabric staying in the dye the longest will have the deepest color. Though this may seem like a simple dye method, if done at home it does takes some timing and patience to get the desired results.
Tie Dye Fabric
Many Americans believe this method of dyeing fabric was invented in the 1960s. However, tie dyeing cloth was
This method of dyeing fabric is one of the easiest to master for home dyers. The cloth or garment to be dyed is folded into a pattern and then bound by rubber bands or strings. The cloth can also be tied in knots to create a tie dye pattern. Dye is then applied to parts of the cloth or garment. Tee shirts are popular for tie dyeing and the dyes are better absorbed when the tees are wet.
Dyeing fabric creates many color possibilities. The different patterns and designs allow for further expression. The batik tulis is the most expensive of the three patterns, but apparel as well as other textile goods in these beautiful dye designs can be easily purchased. If attempting to create these patterns at home, ensure success by using the correct fabric dyes and following the instructions on the packaging.
The copyright of the article “Different Dyeing Fabric Techniques” is owned by Cheryl Weldon and permission to republish in print or online must be granted by the author in writing.