Women constitute only a little less than their male counterpart. Despite their being almost half of the population, the women flock has not much to show for their numerical strength in any field except the home front where they are their own masters. Gender inequality is their greatest bane. Even cultural and religious beliefs tend to contribute in a small measure to their woes.
This apart, gender discrimination and several obnoxious practices and beliefs are so embedded in the societal perception that they have become almost as legal norms. The effect is so devastating that the laws of many countries and even international instruments which protect the right of women are flagrantly infringed the guise these age long cultural and religious belief.
Apart from an unusual tripartite legal system, which entails the use of statutory and common law system, the customary and Sharia law to govern their matrimonial relationship, the women themselves are absolutely ignorant of their rights in the matrimonial home. Their ignorance stemmed from the fact that a very high percentage of the wives married at their years of ignorance, little prepared for the marriage itself. Is it that their rights exist in theory? Even if they are ignorant of their rights are they not protected by these numerous laws? The answers to these questions are neither in the negative nor affirmative.
The rights of women are stipulated in our continuation and are embodied in several international instruments. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) in its article 1 and 2 says – all human being are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everybody is entitled to all rights and freedom say forth in the Declaration without distinction of any kind such as race, color, sex, language and religion, and so on.
There exist also several others that recognize almost all types of rights.
For instance, convention specifically recognizes the right of women. This state convention on the elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
The June 1993 Vienna Word Conference on Human Rights declared that:
The human rights of women and of the girl – child are an inalienable integral and indivisible part of Universal Human Rights. The full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic, social and cultural life at the national, regional and international levels and the eradication of all forms of discrimination on grounds of sex are priority objective of the international community.
Every individual shall have the duty to respect and consider his fellow being be it a male or female without discrimination. Human beings are inviolable, every human being shall be entitled to respect for his or her life and the integrity of his person. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of his or her right. Human’s life is scared. Every individual shall have the right to free association provided that he abides by the law, subject to the obligation of solidarity provided for