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Don't be Crude!

By Edited Sep 11, 2016 5 10

Euphemism and Circumlocution

Euphemism comes from the Greek word euphemia and means "the use of words of good omen". The eupheme, was primarily used in replacement of a religious word, which was not to be spoken; like the names for deities. These words were literally the opposite of blaspheme (evil-speaking). Euphemisms however, really came to prominence during the Victorian era, shaped by the epochs concept of manners, and prudery, resulting in the creation of some wonderful terms and phrases.

Excuse Me!

Sir  and Madame

Often employed to soften offensive or disturbing terms or ideas, euphemisms can seem rather "twee" and if you are honest can often invoke a giggle.

Euphemisms may also involve circumlocution, where someone may use unnecessary words, or speak in an indirect manner to avoid the harsh truth or taboos, or even because they fancy the sound of their own voice. Thomas Hardy, a noted author of Victorian times, used circumlocution to sometimes ridiculous effect. In his novel Jude the Obsure for example, Jude and Sue's reaction to the arrival of Little Father Time, makes your head spin:

"To be sure, with such pleasing anxious beings as they were, the boy's coming also brought with it much thought for the future, particularly as he seemed at present to be singularly deficient in all the usual hopes of childhood. But the pair tried to dismiss, for a while at least, a too strenuously forward view." Er what?

A Repressed Lot

Er What?

The Victorians it seems were a repressed lot, if you go by the example of Victorian artist, architect and all around great thinker,  John Ruskin. Rumour has it, that he was so shocked by his wife's body, especially the triangle of fur, that he was unable to consummate the marriage! When the marriage was annulled six years later, she was still a virgin.

The era has however, become famous for its many inventive sexual euphemisms. Female servants who became pregnant were "betrayed", and tables had "limbs" not legs. Prostitutes were known as "naughty girls", "Painted women", "public women" or perhaps a "Cyprian" ( a reference to the temples of Aphrodite worship in Cyprus). Gentlemen who liked to chase women, were given rather dashing names like "libertine", "Lothario" or "rake". While a liar was often called a "charlatan" or "prevaricator" and accused of "embroidering the truth."

Working class Victorian slang, was however another matter all together. A prostitute may have been refered to as a "pinchcock" (ouch) or maybe "laced mutton" and could be found at the "bawdy-houses". Someone who was a snob was deemed "toffee-nosed" and a lady and gentleman were dubbed a "toff and a doll".

Stop You Bounder!

Hey Doll!

A wickedly bad man was termed a "bounder","cad" or "rogue" and a gentleman, who did not wish to "take the lords name in vain", would use words like "by Gad" or perhaps "by Jove". One did not simply say " I can't do it" but "I am not at liberty", and when insulted would proclaim " I'll give you a sound thrashing". Compare this to the working classes who termed marriage romantically as "hammered for life" and called a crazy person "off ya rocker".

Anyway writing this has been a bit of a stress-producing stimulus and so I am off for a bit of hankie-pankie or slap and tickle with the gentleman caller (please don't lose your lunch).

Victorian Slang

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Comments

Apr 29, 2012 3:25am
vicdillinger
I have been a fan of the idiosyncrasies of language, and the Victorians really took the cake (Lizzie Borden's spot blood on her petticoat "from a flea bite" was the circumlocutory term for a spot of menstrual blood).

I speak plainly for that reason, unless a euphemism is truly funnier (“sweater puppets” or “funbags” as terms are both more amusing then the pedestrian “breasts”). Great article on etymology of the obscure and misdirected. A thumb.
Apr 29, 2012 3:47am
Etcetera
Thanks. I agree that language and the way it is used, is fun and interesting.
Apr 29, 2012 4:13am
vicdillinger
Oh, one more thing -- the tart in the corset -- I love that pic!
Apr 29, 2012 4:51am
Etcetera
I couldn't help myself as it's such a fabulous rig-out.
Apr 29, 2012 6:24pm
vicdillinger
Yeah, it's pretty hot.
Apr 29, 2012 5:15am
Ddraig
Fabulous article Etcetera. I think my favorite Victorian euphemism would have to be " Tipping the velvet", especially considering it was deemed women could not be gay but a man could have 7 years in prison for being a sodomite.
Language is indeed a fascinating subject, you did it justice.
Emma x
Apr 29, 2012 6:03am
Etcetera
That one is saucy for sure!
thanks for reading.
Apr 29, 2012 6:20pm
vicdillinger
"Tipping the velvet": that kills, and it's one I've not heard

Also, the phrase "gone gay" meant a woman had turned to a life of prostitution.
Apr 29, 2012 5:38pm
askformore
You have given us one more interesting and great article. Thumbs up!
Apr 29, 2012 6:57pm
Etcetera
Thanking you!
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