Dry macular degeneration is a more common form of age related macular degeneration. It occurs when the tissues of the macula or the central part of the retina in your eye, become thinner. This thinning of macular tissue causes deterioration in macula function that affects the center of your vision.
Your macula has cells that are called cells and cones. These cells support your central vision. In addition, the retinal pigment epithelium tissue on your macula moves nutrients and waste from the macula to blood vessels called the choroids. When the retinal pigment epithelium tissue becomes thinner, waste may not be transported efficiently and accumulate in the macula, damaging the macula and your vision.
If you have dry macular degeneration, this could translate into blurred vision and a decline in your ability to clearly see colors, details, or print. As an example, you may start noticing that you need more light than you used to for detailed activities. Keep in mind that dry macular typically progresses at a slower rate than wet macular degeneration.
You may notice small changes in your vision at first if you have dry macular degeneration. Pay attention to them and make a note of any specific symptoms related to a decline in eyesight. Do you see better during the day? Do you have a hard time reading tiny print? Are you noticing blurriness in one or both eyes? Are colors appearing less bright than they used to?
It is important for you to set up an appointment with an ophthalmologist if you start to notice a gradual or quick decline in your vision so that you can treat dry macular degeneration in its early stages. Your doctor may use techniques such as a vision field test, Fluorescein angiography, and Amsler grid testing to test for dry macular degeneration.
Supplementing your diet with vitamins A,C and E may help with slowing down the progression of dry macular degeneration. It is key for you to maintain regular visits with your ophthalmologist and follow her treatment instructions to prevent your dry macular degeneration from getting worse.