Many American adults have some kind of gum disease. Gingivitis causes swollen and red gums that often bleed when brushed. It is a mild form of gum disease, but it can be the beginning of a worse form of gum disease called periodontitis (or periodontal disease). Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss, so you should take any sign of gum disease seriously and take steps to prevent and treat it. Luckily there are some effective home remedies that you can use to prevent and treat gum disease.
Use an electric rotary toothbrush. On average they remove more than twice the amount of plaque than an ordinary toothbrush. You should also use two toothbrushes, or removable toothbrush heads, and use them for alternate brushes (this allows them to dry out between uses).
Effective Oral Hygiene:
You should take 3-5 minutes two, or preferably three, times a day to concentrate on brushing and flossing.
Gingivitis starts around the gum-line where plaque often builds up. Unfortunately, we often fail to brush this area effectively. When brushing you should hold your toothbrush at a 45 degree angle. This way your toothbrush cleans not only your teeth, but your gums as well. Avoid scraping with your toothbrush, vibrate it gently against your teeth and gums instead.
You should use a mouthwash that contains either domiphen bromide or cetylpridinium chloride. These chemicals are the active ingredients that research has shown to reduce dental plaque.
Scrape your tongue to get rid of bacteria and toxins. Use something blunt like a small spoon or a tongue depressor. Scrape it 10-15 times from back to front. Alternatively, brush your tongue using your toothbrush.
Flush your teeth and gums with water using an oral irrigation device. You should aim the water jet between your teeth, not into the gums.
Massage and Stimulate Your Gums:
Massage the outside of your gums with your thumb and forefinger to stimulate the blood circulation in your gums.
Rubber, or triangular, gum stimulators massage your gums more effectively than a simple toothpick while also cleaning between your teeth. Put the tip between your teeth and aim it upward so that the stimulator is angled at 45 degrees to your gum-line. Move it using a circular motion for a few seconds before moving on to do the rest of your teeth in the same way.
Different Treatments You Can Try:
Mix a 1:1 ratio of 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and water. Rinse your mouth with it thoroughly for around 30 seconds three times a week. Don't swallow it, however. This will help to reduce the build up of bacteria.
Brush your gums with aloe gel. Aloe vera not only heals, but will reduce dental plaque.
Mix a paste from bicarbonate of soda and a little water. Use your fingers to apply it (small sections at a time) along your gum-line. Then brush. This will clean, polish and deodorize at the same time as neutralizing harmful acidic bacteria.
Take Steps to Improve Your Bone Strength:
Your jawbone can get brittle and shrink with periodontal disease, so you should eat plenty of foods that are rich in calcium to encourage strong bones - dairy products, dark green vegetables, salmon and almonds, for example.
Calcium supplementation may also help. Some supplements designed especially for increased bone strength contain calcium with added magnesium, Vitamin D3 and Vitamin K2. These added ingredients are thought to aid more effective absorption of the calcium.
Smoking can also contribute to problems with brittle bones so, if you smoke, you should quit.
Also ensure you get enough exercise to make your bones are as strong as they can be.
Take Vitamin C Supplements:
This won't cure your gum disease, but it can help to stop your gums from bleeding.
Eat a Raw Vegetable Daily:
Foods that are hard and fibrous clean and stimulate both teeth and gums.
Unhealthy living practices can have an adverse effect on gums. Factors like stress, exposure to toxic chemicals as well as smoking and drinking (which take vitamins and minerals out of your body that are essential for good oral health) could all be contributing to your gum disease problem. Analyze your lifestyle and make appropriate changes.
Those at Increased Risk of Gum Disease:
Some people are more at risk of gum disease than others. Diseases (such as diabetes, AIDS and cancer, for example), hormonal changes in females, prescribed treatments and medications as well as genetic influences can all contribute to the likelihood of getting gum disease. Speak to your doctor and/or dentist if you are worried.
If you suffer from lingering bad breath; notice that your gums are shrinking (you may first notice that your teeth look longer because of this); feel that the way your teeth bite together is different to normal or that dentures fit differently around remaining teeth; find that pockets of pus are forming between teeth and gums or experience tooth loosening or loss, then you should see your dentist as soon as possible.
Getting early advice from your dentist is always advisable. He or she can make a proper diagnosis and will offer you appropriate advice.
You should also go back to see your dentist if your gums remain swollen and continue to bleed despite your attempts to prevent and treat the early signs of gum disease with these home remedies.