Bed bugs have been making a comeback in many areas where they had been thought to have been eradicated, including in parts of the United States. There have been many reports of new bed bug infestations reported in the media. While bedbugs are not known to transmit any serious diseases, they do feed on human blood, and are a big nuisance, leading to itchy rashes and allergy symptoms. Bed bug infestations are known to occur worldwide, since they are easily transmitted through clothing, luggage, furniture and bedclothes. However, there are some effective bed bug eradication methods you can use for bed bug removal.
Effective bed bug eradication methods : finding bed bugs
Bed bug detection: The first thing you have to do for bed bug eradication is to find the bugs. For this, it is helpful to dismantle your bedding and examine each component carefully. Telltale signs of a bed bug infestation are dark spots on bedding, often along the seams of mattresses. These are likely to be bed bug droppings (ewww!). You may also see the bugs as well as the light brown discarded skins of the bed bug nymphs after they have molted. You might need to get inside the box spring by removing the fabric covering it to look inside. However, treating mattresses and box springs is not easy, and it might just be best to get rid of them. Also, another thing to keep in mind is that buying used mattresses or box springs is probably not a good idea, as they can carry bed bug infestations, as was once uncovered in a TV hidden-camera expose at a warehouse selling used bedding.
Bed bugs may also hide in nooks and crannies in bed frames, especially if these are made of wood. Other favorite places for bed bug infestations are headboards and items under beds. In hotels, these bugs will frequently establish themselves behind wall-mounted headboards.
Other places to check for bedbug infestation are: edge of wall-to-wall carpets, cracks in walls and wood, any cluttered area like closets, inside home appliances and gadgets, furniture, seams of upholstered couches; in a nutshell, anywhere in the house where bed bugs can hide.
Effective bed bug eradication methods : control and treatments
For effective treatment of bed bugs, you should practice integrated pest management, which uses multiple approaches including prevention, sanitation and targeted application of bed bug pesticides. You are best off hiring a pest control professional, as such a person will know best both how to find bed bugs, and how to deal with bed bug infestations. Remove clutter from the house and discard bedding material if the pest control professional recommends it. He or she may also need to check neighboring apartments and rooms since the bed bugs may be moving around.
Spraying bed bugs and their eggs with rubbing alcohol also kills them outright. Extensive application of pesticides for bed bug control is not recommended and may not be legal due to the hazards involved. This is why a professional exterminator should be brought in, as he or she can be thorough yet judicious, by targeting the areas of bed bug pesticide application. Several follow-up visits might be needed to ensure that the bed bug infestation is truly eliminated.
All infected bedding and clothing that is not discarded should be bagged and laundered at a minimum temperature of 120 F. Never apply pesticides to clothing. Treatment of bed bugs on items that cannot be laundered can be achieved by bagging them in plastic and putting them under the hot sun for several days, again, making sure using a thermometer that the temperature throughout the bag reaches at least 120 degrees F. Killing bed bugs through cold temperatures can also be achieved, but in this case items have to be left in below freezing temperatures for at least a couple of weeks. It is not possible to treat bed bug infestations in the entire house just by turning the thermostat up or down.
Once a bed bug eradication program has been conducted, vacuum the entire house thoroughly to remove any remaining bed bugs from surfaces, nooks and crannies. Dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed trash bag. You can also steam clean carpets as a further precaution.
Lastly, although these are effective bed bug eradication methods, there are some more that are not covered in this article. However, these steps, and vigilance on your part, will help to keep future bed bug infestation at bay. Good luck!