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By Edited Mar 15, 2016 1 0

Egypt is located in North Africa, and one of the important Middle Eastern countries. It has 29 Governorates, with a population of about 80 million people, most of them are centered around the Nile Valley and Delta.

Language: The official language in Egypt in the present history is Arabic, but in the ancient times during the Pharaohs times it was The Hieroglyphic language that has 700 letters and each letter was a symbol of something, as an example the bird is the letter A.

Religion: Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country with Islam as its state religion. Around 90% are identified as Muslim. The majority of these Muslims are Sunni, and there is a minority of Shi'a. Around 10% of the population is Christians, most of them are Copt who belong to the native Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, but there is a small percentage who are Protestant.

History: Egypt is one of the oldest countries in the history of civilization, its history goes back to almost 7000 years. And it is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, such as the Pyramids, the Great Sphinx. Also, its ancient ruins, such as Karnak, Thebes, Memphis, and The Valley of Kings.

The Pyramids: There are many discovered pyramids in Egypt, and they're symbols of the afterlife because the Pharaohs believed that there is life after death and when the person dies, his family should prepare him for this life. With this concept, they kept the bodies in good condition even after thousands of years, and they put everything the dead person liked in his life with him in his last place. The Pyramids were especially built for the kings, and what used to be done to a person's body after his death depended mainly on his social status.

The Valley of Kings: The Valley of the Kings is a valley in Luxor (a city in Upper Egypt used to be called Thebes) where for a period of nearly 500 years tombs were constructed for the kings and powerful nobles.

Roman Monuments: Since Egypt was occupied by the Romans for some years, there are many roman monuments such as the roman theatre, and the Pompey's pillar.

Coptic Monuments: There are many Coptic monuments such as the Coptic museum, and the Hanging Church.

Islamic Monuments: Since Islam is Egypt's religion, there are many famous Islamic monuments, such as Al Azhar Mosque and university, which is the official learning place for Muslims from around the world, and also the mosques for some family members of prophet Mohamed.

Weather: The summer is hot and humid and it lasts most of the year, but the winter is really warm and enjoyable most of the time, except for a few days that are called Khamsin, when sandstorms blow in different places according to the wind direction, and that makes the best time to visit Egypt and really enjoy it is during winter months.

Culture: Egypt is a country with an immense cultural mix, in every major city in Egypt you will find traditions that remain from the time of the Pharaohs, and in other parts you will find pure tribal customs that were brought in by many invaders throughout the centuries.
Egypt maintained a stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Middle East and other African countries. Egypt's capital city, Cairo, and has been renowned for centuries as a center of learning, culture and commerce.
Egypt is a recognized cultural trend-setter of the Arabic world, and the Arabic culture is heavily influenced by Egyptian literature, music, film and television. It also has many festivals celebrated yearly, which are mostly religious.
Egypt also has the highest number of Nobel Laureates in Africa and the Arab World, the ones who got is are President Anwar Sadat, writer Naguib Mahfouz, scientist Ahmed Zewail, and the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Mohamed ElBaradei.

Economics: Located at a strategic trade location, Egypt is a major economic power in the African continent. Its economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and Tourism. Major agricultural products of the country are cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, and vegetables. Important industries are tourism, textile, food processing and cement. In the recent years the country has attracted more exports earnings from the exports of cotton, rice, mineral products, and textiles.
The country has stepped forward towards a market friendly economy in the recent years and has attracted more foreign direct investment, and the economy performance is stable in the country and is enjoying continuous economic growth.



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