Make Sure Your Family is Prepared for Natural Disasters
Put Together Family First Aid Procedures
Do you have an emergency preparedness kit and first aid guide with the information and supplies that you and your family would specifically need in a disaster? Are you prepared if an emergency hits your neighborhood? The federal government encourages everyone to put together their own emergency kits, or buy ones that are commercially assembled, because there is a good chance that you may have to survive on your own for a period of time during an emergency. For example, what if someone in your family gets cut, or injured from flying debris? Would you know how to treat their injuries? Are you prepared to deal with someone in your family who has a medical condition, such as asthma or a heart condition that could be aggravated by the stress of a natural disaster? Would you have enough food, water, medicine and other supplies?
All you need to do is watch the news to realize that everyone needs to have an emergency preparedness kit and a first aid guide that is specific to their own family. You need to know exactly how to handle the types of problems that you might encounter if your community is hit by a tornado, hurricane, flood or earthquake, and how those situations might affect members of your own family. Then, you need to prepare.
Your Emergency Preparedness Kit
The government website on emergency preparedness lists items that everyone should have on hand. You need to remember that it is quite possible that you could go for days without gas, electricity, water or sewage. You need to be prepared to take care of yourself and your family during this time. Here are some of the supplies that you should have stored in a safe location in the event of a disaster:
One gallon of water per person per day for three days
A three day supply of non-perishable food
A can opener
A radio that is battery operated or hand cranked
A whistle to draw attention to yourself
Face masks for everyone to protect against dust and smoke
A large sheet of plastic, or two, to be used as a shelter
Garbage bags with plastic ties to use as emergency toilets
Tools such as wrenches or pliers to turn off utilities
Cell phone with a solar charger, if possible
Cash, including some change
Copies of important documents such as insurance policies and bank info
Sleeping bags or warm blankets for everyone in the family
Plain, unscented chlorine bleach and a medicine dropper (16 drops of bleach in a gallon of "questionable" water will treat the water for bacterial contamination)
A fire extinguisher
Personal hygiene items
Plastic or metal plates, pans, cups and silverware
Paper and pens or pencils
A camping stove and camping lantern
Personalize Your Emergency Kit
Be sure to include items in your kit that you will need to take care of members of your own family. Please look over this list and see if any of these items should be included:
Extra pairs of glasses
Baby formula and diapers
Food for your pets, as well as extra water
Activities to keep kids busy, such as books and games
Special medical equipment or medications
Your Personal First Aid Guide
You need to get a first aid guide to keep handy so you know what to do if someone suffers from an injury, gets sick, or has the symptoms of a stroke or heart attack. Stressful situations can make these conditions more likely to occur. If you know that someone has a serious medical condition, you also need to print out instructions on how to handle any emergencies that may come up ... such as an asthma attack or a diabetic seizure. Having printed instructions will help keep you from panicking and forgetting what to do.
Stock Your Emergency Preparedness Kit with Personal Supplies
It is absolutely essential that you have a first aid kit that includes all the things your specific family might need in an emergency. One way to accomplish this is to buy a commercial First Aid Kit from Amazon or a similar source, and then personalize it! Nearly every drug store will sell you everything you need and you can also purchase them online. Sometimes schools and Scout troops sell them for fundraisers. However, do not assume that these generic kits will include everything that your family will need in an emergency.
The basic medical supplies your First Aid Kit will need are: Band-aids, Gauze pads, rolls of gauze, medical or adhesive tape, alcohol pads, hand cleaner, a small bottle of sterile water or saline solution, an Ace bandage, an arm sling, chemical hot and cold packs, a thermometer, tweezers, and scissors.
Other medical supplies which should also be included in your kit are antibiotic ointment, hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion, activated charcoal, Syrup of Ipecac, sunburn cream, and insect bite spray. You should also have a First Aid Guide, so you have instructions on how to use the different products in an emergency. Make sure that you add your own, personal guide that includes information about the types of health problems that affect people in your own family.
In addition, ask yourself these questions: Does anyone in your family have severe allergic reactions? You may want to keep an epi-pen in the kit. Do you need diabetic testing equipment? What about some hard candy if the diabetic's blood sugar level drops? Are there any medications that family members need to take regularly? A small sample of each of these meds should be kept in the kit and replaced periodically.
What pain relievers should you have? Tylenol? Advil? Aspirin? What decongestant works best for your family? Benadryl? Sudafed? What about throat lozenges? Are there any illnesses that someone in your family develops frequently, such as earaches? Be sure to include medication for it.
Be certain that your family's personal emergency preparedness kit has everything you think you would need in an emergency ... and keep it handy! You may even want to keep some supplies in your car, as well as your home, in case you are away from home in an emergency.
To read more ways to keep your family safe and healthy, click on the article title listed below:
A Handy Way to Have the Food and Water You Need
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