With worsening and changing climate more animals are going extinct every day. The species mentioned in this article will surprise a lot of people. The mentioned species are only a few of the animals and fishes threatened with extinction. The current number of endangered animals is 16.938. Sure, some people may wonder why we should care if these species go extinct. Well we should care because if these species go extinct we will lose a part of the earth’s biodiversity (ecosystems, populations, species and genes). This is very important for our agriculture and medicine. It is in our best interest to keep them alive. Here are a few species you didn’t know were going extinct:
There are seven different marine species of turtles on this planet. Five of this seven species are on the endangered list “green, hawksbill, loggerhead, leatherback and olive Ridley turtle”. These turtles are found in the following places “Mesoamerican Reef, Coastal East Africa, Coral Triangle, The Galápagos and Gulf of California”. There are two reasons why these turtles are going extinct. The first reason is human activity in the form of poaching for meat, eggs, skin and shells. The second reason is habitat destruction.
The following two species of bears are going extinct “polar bear and brown bear”. These two animals live in the arctic regions of the world. Polar bears are close to extinction because of climate change. Due to climate change polar bears are losing their sea ice habitat. Brown bears on the other hand are on the endangered list because of human activities like hunting.
The penguin family exists of 17 species that primarily live in the Southern Hemisphere. Amongst the 17 species of penguins the following species are on the endangerment list “the tiny blue penguins, the majestic emperor penguins and king penguins, African penguin and the Galápagos penguin (the only penguin that is found north of the equator)”. Penguins are mainly endangered because of climate change in their habitat. The disappearing sea ice has caused the population to dwindle. Of course accidental capture and drowning in fishing nets does not help.
A number of seals are on the endangerment list. Amongst the endangered species are the harbor, ringed, ribbon, spotted and bearded seals, as well as northern fur seals and sea lions. These species are collectively known as ice seals and are arctic inhabitants. Due to climate change ice seals species have begun to lose their habitat, which causes a high seal pup mortality rate. This wouldn’t be such a big problem if it wasn’t for human greed. Human greed (hunting) has led to the decline of many seal populations.
Yes people, even the tuna family have many endangered species. The following tunas are threatened with extinction “albacore tuna, bigeye tuna, bluefin tuna, yellowfin tuna and skipjack tuna”. Tuna species are usually found in the following places “Coral Triangle, The Galápagos, Mesoamerican Reef, Gulf of California and Coastal East Africa” (keep in mind that tunas swim incredible distances to migrate). The reason for tuna endangerment is overfishing and pirate fishing.