Your awareness of your rights as an employee can keep you from becoming a victim of discrimination and harassment in the workplace. It equips you with sufficient knowledge on how you can prevent it and how you can seek legal protection from such abuse.

Federal and state laws stipulate discrimination regulations among employers and protect workers from unfair treatment or misconduct.

Here are some frequently asked questions (faqs) on employment discrimination:

Q: What are the federal discrimination laws?

A: Federal discrimination laws prohibit employers from committing unfair labor practices on the basis of race, ethnicity, color, gender, age, religion, or disability. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces regulations on discrimination among companies and accepts complaints from employees.

Federal and state discrimination laws:

1. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII. It provides protection for employees in the workplace against acts of discrimination on the basis of race, age, gender, religion, or disability. Civil Rights Act of 1991 amendment allows employees to recover damages from intentional discrimination misconduct of employers.

2. Equal Pay Act of 1963. It prohibits wage discrimination on the basis of gender. It stipulates provision for equal pay for equal work. Same rank employees who have equal skill, task, and workload should have equivalent salary rate. It seeks to regulate minimum wage and overtime pay. It prohibits child labor and abuse.

3. Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978. It amends the Civil Rights Act of 1964, providing further protection for pregnant employees against sex, childbirth, and medical discrimination.

4. Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008. It prohibits employers from discriminating employees on the basis of disability. Qualified applicants are entitled to receive proper accommodation from the employer.

5. Age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. Employees who are 40 years old and above are protected against unfair treatment from employers. Older employees are entitled to receive benefits, and qualify for promotion and retirement program.

Q: Are small businesses covered by Equal Pay Act?

A: Yes. Equal Pay Act applies to all companies regardless of the number of employees.

Q: Can employers fire employees who file discrimination complaints?

A: No. Employees are protected against retaliation from employers.

Q: Are employees entitled for religious holiday?

A: Employers can arrange for religious time off from work to accommodate employees who are members of religious protected class.

Preventing Employment Discrimination in the workplace can reduce the instances for disputes and harassment cases.

Consult with an Employment Law Attorney in Los Angeles to learn more on how you can file a discrimination or harassment lawsuit.