Brazilian Flag(113311)

Number 1. Natural Wonders

Brazil is home to the Amazon Rainforest, not known to many as having the greatest biological diversity in the world. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest. Globally, this puts the Amazon Rainforest in top position of having the largest collection of living plant and animal species

Amazon Rainforest

On par with the Amazon Rainforest in sheer immensity, is the mighty Amazon River, (the artery of the southern American hemisphere), the largest volume of fresh water in the world, transporting 219,000 cubic meters of water every second and arguably the largest, longest river in the world.

Amazon River Aerial

Furthermore, in the southern part of Brazil, one will find the Iguaçu Falls, one of the largest waterfalls in the world and one of the seven wonders of that natural world.

Iguacu Falls

Number 2. People

Brasileiros, as Brazilians are called in Portuguese, number nigh unto 200 million, which is one-third less the population of the United States. Brazil is the fifth most populated country in the world. Brazil’s ethnic make-up is as follows: White 47.73%, Multiracial/Mixed race 43.13%, Black 7.61%, Asian 1.09%, (mostly of Japanese descent. Brazil is home to the largest contingency of Japanese outside mainland Japan.) and Amerindian 0.043%.

Polyethnic Brazil

Many world renowned people are native to Brazil, this includes: Emperor Pedro II (monarch), Duke of Caixas (military), Machado de Assis (writer), Alberto Santos Dumont (aviator and inventor), Pelé (soccer player), Ayrton Senna (race car driver), Gisele Büdchen (model), Sérgio Vieira da Mello (diplomat) and Alice Braga (actress).

Number 3. Culture

Brazil is home to the largest carnival celebrations and samba competitions. “The Greatest Show on Earth, as some Brazilians call carnival, is celebrated every year before Lent. Major escolas de samba (samba schools) from the Brazilian cities of Salvador to São Paulo celebrate and compete for large purses of money (upwards of 500,000 dollars) throughout Brazil during this time.


Also, Brazil is a major competitor in the World Cup, being the only country to have won it five times. The Pentacampeão, “Five-time World Champions”, as the Brazilian National Team is adoringly called by Brazilians, is one the most recognizable national soccer teams due to their fluid, almost superhuman soccer skills and great sportsmanship. The team is easily discernable while blazing a path across the field in its yellow and blue uniforms.  Pelé holds the distintion as being the most famous soccer player ever, recognized and adored by millions of fans the world over.

Brazilian National Soccer Team
Credit: El Gráfico magazine #2646

Number 4. Language

Portuguese is the sixth most spoken language in the world, not only the spoken and official language of Brazil, but also Portugal, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe. Furthermore, the Portuguese language has co-official status together with indigenous languages in Macau, East Timor and Equatorial Guinea. Portuguese speakers inhabit Goa, Daman and Diu, India, due to the maritime travels of early Portuguese sailors. Portuguese is truly a global language, spoken by nearly 300 million people the world over and on every continent.

Portuguese Language Diaspora

Number 5. History

Brazil was discovered in April 1500 by the Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral. Brazil derives its name from Brazilwood, which was a hot commodity and used as a red dye in Europe.  Bandeirantes “followers of the banner”, who were explorers and exploiters from the Brazilian city of São Paulo, through their expeditions expanded Portuguese America from the tiny territory relegated to Portugal by the Treaty of Tordesilhas to the giant that Brazil is today.

Portuguese Empire

Portuguese Empire

During World War II, Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy on 22 August 1942. Brazil then sent 25,700 troops to fight the war in Europe. Brazil was the only South American country to send troops to fight in the European theater during WWII.

At the start of the twenty-first century, Brazil is poised to become a world superpower on par with the United States and Britain due in part to its robust economy, vast land, natural resources and educated population.

In conclusion, Brazil is a fascinating and diverse country with a loving population (who are good global citizens) astonishing and amazing the world with its fun loving ways, its beauty and strength. To Brazil, this writer says, Viva Brasil e que deus te abençoe. (Long live Brazil and may God bless you.)