GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux is commonly known as Acid reflux. It is the condition of abnormal reflux that induces mucosal impairments. This disease affects both adults and children or in some cases, acid reflux in babies. But those with high vulnerability are pregnant women, smokers and people who doze right off after eating without prior rest.

These are the symptoms of acid reflux: heartburn, which is commonly felt as chest pain; inflammation in the mucosa; swallowing is difficult; cough and hoarseness. These symptoms are experienced by the infected person after eating fatty meals or drinking liquor, when bending, and worse, when habitually smoking.

Gastroesophageal Reflux

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Acid reflux is mainly caused by the malfunction of the esophageal sphincter, a muscle responsible for keeping food from the stomach and away from the esophagus. In some cases, it can also be affected by the abnormal production of the gastric acids. If there's insufficient supply of the stomach acid, the valve in the stomach that delivers the foods to the intestine does not open up. This then irritates the esophagus and causes inflammation.

A few of the factors that can induce acid reflux are hiatus hernia, zollinger-elison syndrome, hypercalcemia, scleroderma and systemic sclerosis.

According to self-contradictory beliefs, alcohol consumption, drinking tea and coffee can contribute to gastro esophageal reflux. But recent analyses show that though persons already infected by this disease can be worsened by alcohol, tea and coffee, these do not cause the disease. It is proven that smoking amplifies the risks of getting the disease, compared to alcohol, tea and coffee which had the least impact. But this does not mean that people infected GERD are at liberty to take the beverages stated above. Doctors however suggest avoiding drinking of alcohol in order to ostracise further aggravation.

Smoking is the main culprit that causes acid reflux disease. Steady smokers for twenty years are 70% more prone in developing acid reflux disease compared to non-smokers. And symptoms of those who already acquired the GERD are aggravated daily due to smoking.

The highlight of the study is that great quantities of salts are chanced to be equal to regular smoking in terms of the risk of acquiring GERD. It is not a primary knowledge that table salts can induce acid reflux disease but researchers determined in their studies that people who are always using extra salt are 70% at risk to have gastro esophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterologists of New York University Medical Center documented this fact.

Gastro esophageal reflux disease can be detected even by the infected person himself by the appearance of the symptoms. In the instance of these symptoms, it is recommended to go through the tests performed by medical experts to clear uncertainties of having the disease or to fulfill potential treatments. To treat this form of disorder, there are assortments of ways possible. It can be cured by prescribed drugs like antacids, by natural remedy for acid reflux such as modification of diet system, raising of the head when lying down, or to the utmost is surgical operation. And naturally, it will be better to stop or quit smoking and drinking alcohol particularly to people who are susceptible to acid reflux disease.

Gastro esophageal reflux disease induces several discomforts that it can wreck even your lifestyle. To avoid its negative effects, precautionary steps should be considered. The cliché quote that prevention is better than cure applies all of the time.