Avoiding an Asthma Attack
Asthma is a disease characterized by the blockage and inflammation of the airways. It affects men, women and children. According to 2009 study by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found 1 in 10 children (10%) and 1 in 12 adults (8%) had asthma with women more likely than men and boys more likely than girls to have asthma.
The blockage occurs because of excess sensitivity to various stimuli such as cold, mites, exercise, fur and pollen. These stimulants cause the muscle of the airways to tighten, therefore narrowing the passage.
Asthma often starts in the childhood, and people often grow out of it. However, it can start in adulthood. sometimes, most people tend to have it for most of their lives. It tends to occur in people with allergies such as hay fever or those who have a family member with asthma. Asthma is not a contagious disease.
Asthma Attack Symptoms
A person with asthma may experience the following:
- Chest pain
- Difficult breathing
- Wheezing (a whistling sound when one breathes)
- Chest tightness
- Tiredness after exercise
The symptoms tend to get worse at night and early in the morning or when it is cold. A person with a serious asthma attack may have these symptoms as well:
- He may seem "blue"
- Difficult in breathing, sometimes, breathing may stop
- Serious chest pain
- He may get unconscious
If you develop any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.
Asthma Diagnosis: Tests include X-rays, and checking blood oxygen levels, which gauge the asthmatic attack severity.
Asthma is treated using two main types of medicines, although other types maybe added.
- Preventer medicines used to reduce the inflammation of the airways and to prevent symptoms from occurring or recurring.
- Reliever medicines used to relieve symptoms once they occur.
If the symptoms are serious, your doctor will prescribe a drug with a combination of the two. Asthma medicines are best breathed in and are therefore, sold as asthma inhalers. This ensures that the medicines go directly to the airways and do not affect the rest of the body. In emergencies, some drugs are inhaled with the help of a machine or administered by injection.
How to avoiding asthma attack
Here is what you can do to prevent asthma attack:
- Regularly clean or air your bedding
- Dust your house regularly
- Avoid living with cats, dogs or other pets with fur
- Remove carpets
- Use duvet instead of blankets.
- Keep warm during cold weather
- Dress warmly at night and in the morning, when it is likely cold
- If triggered by physical exercise, use your inhaler before exercising
- Get any chest or sinus infections treated early to avoid an attack
There is no known cure for asthma, but if managed well, you can live a healthy life. Asthma management involves being aware of what stimulates it and taking the necessary steps to keep it at bay.