Senile dementia of the Alzheimer type

Alzheimer's disease first case was discovered in 1906 by German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer in her patient in 1906. After she died, he examined her brain and found many abnormal clumps  and tangled bundles of fibers. 

This disease affects memory, behaviour and cognitive thinking and is considered as the most common cause of dementia among older people of age above 60. AD cannot be cured and is degenerative. It normally places a great pressure on the caregivers who may be spouse or other close relative.

Alzheimer's disease-Symptons and causes 

The cause of Alzheimer is still not known but research suggests that the disease is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. When nerve cells are destroyed, there is a decrease in the chemicals that help nerve cells send messages to one another. As a result, areas of the brain that normally work together become disconnected.

Some of the symptoms of AD can be:

Initial symptoms include forgetfulness,  misplacing items, getting lost on familiar routes,  loss of social skills and flat mood.

In progressive stages of AD a person forgets events in his life that have been occured in past. He feels delusive, agitated and depressed. Hallucinations, difficulty in reading and writing and inability to drive are some other symtoms that damages the social and personal life of a patient suffering from Alzheimer.

Prevention from Alzheimer disease

Some pratices and suggestions that may reduce the chances of AD are:

  • Consume low fat diet.
  • People who maintain there social and mental activities are less prone to this disease.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E, and vitamin C, cold-water fish(salmon, tuna etc) are suggestable diets regarding prevention of this disease.
  • Though not proven, yet he herb ginkgo biloba prevents or slows the development of dementia.

Besides this if you have a family history of dimentia then it is very necessary to engage a consultant to get a proper risk reducing diet and medication schedule.


The Alzheimer patient needs extraordinary attention and care which could be quite stressful for the caregivers. The caregiver in this regard may be a close family member or a nurse. 

There is a need for awareness about the symptoms, causes and preventions about this disease. The societies and institutions engaging in these activities should be given full support by the business community and government.