The apple, full of virtues, is the most consumed fruit in the world. The apple tree is the most cultivated fruit tree in the world. 64 million tonnes of apples are harvested annually around the world.

The Apple: Full of Symbols

Originally from Minor Asia, the apple was already growing in the wild in Europe in prehistoric times. 3000 years ago, the Chinese were eating apples.

From the Silk Road, the apple came afterwards to the Hebrews, Greeks and Romans. Pliny the Elder has listed hundreds of varieties.

Apple which is called "Pomme" in french, comes from the word "Pomun" which means "fruit" in Latin. But the Romans called it "malum".

"The apple is the origin of all evil" they said in the Middle Ages. Evocation of the original sin, the forbidden fruit of paradise, the apple is often associated with women due to its curves. It was also a symbol of immortality, wisdom and supreme power, not to mention the "apple" of contention. The one that fell on Newton's head made him discover the laws of gravitation. Another one poisoned Snow White.

The apple symbolizes the city of New York the Big Apple and MacIntosh computers.

Different varieties exist throughout the year

More than 2000 varieties of apples have been identified. Many have disappeared. About a half is available in the market.

Queen Reinettes: red orange yellow crown. Sweet flesh. Perfect for baked potatoes. Short Season: August to October.

Elstar: two-tone, red and yellow. August to March.

Royal Gala: striped red and yellow flesh is firm. September to February.

Cox Orange: orange-red. October to February.

Belle de Boskoop: striped red, green and yellow. Firm flesh. October to March.

Red Chief: bright red, firm flesh and crunchy, slightly sweet. October to late April.

Granny Smith: crisp and very tart. October to May

Belchard of Chanteclerc: rare, slightly flattened and yellow gold. October to June

Jonagold: two-tone, red and yellow. October to June

Reinette Grise Canada: bronze, quite small, crisp. She cooks very well. November to March.

Pink Lady: pink yellow and green mixed. Quite sweet. November to May

Braeburn: two-tone, red and yellow. Sweet and sour. November to June

Temptation: yellow speckled with a hint of pink, she has a slight scent of anise. December to April.

Idared: red mixed with yellow or pale green. Very firm and crisp. January-June

Fuji: light green mixed with pink. Very juicy. January-June

Golden: yellow sometimes tinged with pink. Sweet and mellow. Apple to do everything. Produced all year round except in summer, it dominates the market and represents 50% of production.

Pippin: Reine des Reinette, Reinette du Mans, white Reinette Canada, Reinette grise du Canada, Reinette bum, have a skin greyish. They succeeded over the years.

There are also several varieties of apples for cider.

Making the right choice

Apples are standardized into four categories according to their size.

A smooth skin without bruises and a bright green stalk are the qualities of an apple. But in winter it can be a little wrinkled.

Apples can be left in the open air when it is not too hot or in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator.


The apple, the symbol of sin has been so well restored by the medical profession it has become an almost miraculous result, justifying the saying "An apple a day keeps the doctor away."

Eating three apples a day can lower a high blood cholesterol level. But in any case, the apple can not replace cholesterol-lowering medication when it is needed.

The apple also has a regulatory action on blood sugar. It is also beneficial for the respiratory system.

These benefits come from the combination of its fibers and the combined action of magnesium, potassium, vitamin C (which however it is not rich in), fructose is one of its main carbohydrate but also many polyphenols which have remarkable antioxidant activity.

The apple has a beneficial effect on the digestive system by regulating intestinal transit. It is a mild laxative. Raw and grated, it combats diarrhea, thanks to its fiber mixture of hemi-cellulose and pectin: 2% when it is peeled, 3% when it is not.

The apple contains malic acid which is very useful in cases of urolithiasis.

Consumed in the evening, the apple has calming properties. But this has never been verified by any scientific study. This property is currently in a state of belief.

In contrast, the apple is an excellent appetite suppressant, with only 50 calories per 100 g but 11 to 12% carbohydrates and fiber.

Apples damaged should not be consumed, nor cooked: patulin, a mycotoxin, grows on mold. Toxic only at high doses, it can nevertheless cause an allergy.

Nutritional Value of an apple

For 100 g of apple:

51 Calories
Water: 85 g.
Protein: 0.3 g.
Carbohydrates: 11.7 g.
Fat: 0.3 g. Fiber: 2 to 3 g.
Potassium: 120 mg.
Magnesium: 4 mg.
Phosphorus: 9 mg.
Calcium: 5 mg.
Iron: 0.2 mg.
Vitamin B1: 0 mg.
Vitamin B 2: 0 mg.
Vitamin B 6: 0 mg.
Niacin: 0.1 mg.
Folate: 12 mcg.
Vitamin C: 5 mg.
Carotene: 70 mg.
Vitamin A: 0 mg.
Vitamin E: 0.5 mg.