The United States was involved in both of the world wars. Overall, they provided greater military support to Britain and France in the second than the first. In the second the U.S. was also at war with Japan in the Pacific, as well as Germany and Italy. As such, most of the more famous U.S. battles of the world wars were in the second.
The Battle of Amiens
The Battle of Amiens was one famous battle of the First World War in which the U.S. provided military support for France and Great Britain. After President Wilson declared war on the German Empire in 1917 American troops were arriving in 1918 to support fresh new Entente advances in France. The Germans had already advanced to the Marne before they were halted, and at the Battle of Amiens the German army would be defeated again.
It was here that American, French and British troops advanced for miles and penetrated German lines. With tanks, aircraft and cavalry all providing additional Entente infantry support the Germans fell back. Thousands of German troops surrendered in number as the Entente armies advanced. After the battle victory was now in sight for the U.S. and their allies as Germany could no longer win the war. Months later the war ended with the 11th November armistice.
The Battle of Midway
In the Pacific War during the early ‘40s the Japanese were advancing in Malaya, Burma and the Philippines. At sea the Japanese had also had their victories such as the Battle of Java Sea, and the Imperial Japanese Navy remained undefeated in battle. However, American aircraft carriers still remained after Pearl Harbor, and they became the next target for the Imperial Japanese Navy along with Midway Island.
Taking Midway and wiping out U.S. aircraft carriers expected to arrive at Midway Island were the objectives for the Japanese at the Battle of Midway. However, having deciphered Japanese codes the Americans were aware of the fleet heading for Midway, and so their own aircraft carriers arrived at Midway far sooner than Admiral Nagumo or the rest of the IJN hierarchy had bargained for. Three U.S. aircraft carriers arrived at Midway, although the IJN were at first not clear on how many carriers the Americans had sent into the battle. Further to this, U.S. aircraft at Midway Island was also airborne before the Japanese bombers could wipe them out on the ground.
As such, at the Battle of Midway the American fleet had the advantage. This despite the Japanese A6M Zeros which outclassed the U.S. aircrafts during the battle. American SBD dive-bombers were decisive in the battle as they swooped from the clouds to sink three Japanese aircraft carriers in a bold sortie. Although the Yorktown was abandoned during the battle, the Americans also sunk the last remaining Japanese aircraft carrier. A great victory had been won as the rest of the Japanese fleet withdrew from Midway.
The Battle of the Bulge
In the winter of ’44 one last German advance had been planned around the Ardennes in France. It was here that hundreds of thousands of German troops amassed for an advance that was supposed to take the Allied port at Antwerp, and split the U.S. and British armies in France. The plan was bold, and perhaps somewhat unrealistic, as German fuel supplies were increasingly depleted. Nevertheless, the advance went ahead as the Germans struck at U.S. positions around the Ardennes.
The Americans had not expected this as their aerial reconnaissance did not spot the hundreds of thousands of troops at Ardennes. Early weather conditions favored the Germans as the weather was not suitable for Allied aerial operations. The Germans also had the Tiger Tank which was more effective than the American Shermans. As such, the advance began well as the Americans were pushed back in France, and the German army approached Bastogne.
The road network at Bastogne made this a fairly essential target for the Germans, and so the Americans sent further divisions to hold the city. However, they were still outnumbered by the advancing German army, although required U.S. reinforcements were also heading towards Bastogne which would make sure that the German army could not take the city. As such, the Germans surrounded Bastogne, but the fewer American divisions held out despite their shortages. As the weather cleared further supplies were airlifted to them, and with no further German reinforcements expected the Germans withdrew.
With the German advance halted the Americans began their own advances. Allied aircraft bombarded German troops and supply points on the ground, and German tanks were also abandoned in increasing number as they ran out of fuel. As such, by early ’45 the Allies had restored their lines in France. Hundreds of thousands of American troops had been involved in the Battle of the Bulge, and they had wiped out the last reserves of the German army. The path to Germany had been cleared in both the east and west, and victory was within sight.
These are three of the most famous U.S. battles of the world wars. The Battle of Amiens, Battle of the Bulge and Battle of Midway were three large battles that won the world wars in Europe and the Pacific.