What is modern art and some famous modern artists? The fact is, the question of “What is modern art?” is a question that cannot be really answered and that is what makes it so intriguing. It can be defined as the painting and sculpting around the (roughly) 1860s to the 1970s. It was around this time that artists branched out and tried different things, like unique materials, textures, and subjects. Most modern art is quite abstract, but that is what makes it so special. There were many famous modern artists that influenced the era, each one having their own story.

Pablo Picasso, a Famous Modern ArtistCredit: PD - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Picasso_Portrait_of_Daniel-Henry_Kahnweiler_1910.jpg

Pablo Picasso

One of the most famous modern artists was named Pablo Picasso. He was very famous for using a style known as cubism, which uses lots of shape like squares and cones, and it kind of gives everything a jagged look. Picasso lived in Spain, and made paintings, sculptures, ceramics, and designed stages. Picasso's works sort of differed as he lived; there was a time when most of his paintings were a sad, blue color. At one time he liked to paint roses. At another time he invented cubism along with Georges Braque. He was superstitious in that he had a belief that as long as he kept working, he wouldn't die. He had three children, Claude, Maya, and Paulo Picasso. They were all born to a different mother.

Vincent van Gogh

Another very famous artist was Vincent van Gogh. We know a lot about his life from the letters that he wrote to his brother, Theo. His life wasn't a very bright one. AsVincent Van Gogh a child, it was gloomy, cold, and sterile, to use his own words. In 1896 his uncle set Vincent up with an art dealer. Working for the art dealer was a happy time in van Gogh's life, though during that time he was rejected by a lover, crushing his heart. Closer to the time of his death, van Gogh produced some somber paintings, ones that reflected his emotions at the time. He may have suffered from a lot of things, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, poisoning from ingesting paint, among others. When he was 37 he shot himself in the chest, however the bullet didn't hit the spine, so he was able to walk back to his room from wherever he did the act. He died over 28 hours after he shot himself. He was buried next to his brother.

Claude Monet

Claude Monet was another famous artist. He specialized in impressionism. This was a style of painting where you used thin brushstrokes to accurately depict light. The result is a scene where you can see shadows and reflections. Impressionism was a bit more than a two-dimensionalClaude Monet(70119)Credit: PD - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Claude_Monet_River_Scene_at_Bennecourt,_Seine.jpg picture, giving the sense of light and the passage of time. In order, to paint in this style, you must act quickly, or else the scene in front of you will change with the shifting sun. Monet was born on November, 1840 in Paris. When he was about 16, he met an artist by the name of Boudin, who became Monet's mentor and friend. Boudin taught Monet some outdoor painting techniques. Monet lived a long life, dying at the age of 86 due to lung cancer.


These and other artists redefined art as it was known at the beginning of the modern art age, and defined art to be more in the eye of the viewer.  All art and artists today owes a debt of gratitude to these famous modern artists.

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