February 3, 1690
The Massachusetts Bay Colony is the first of the thirteen colonies in America to issue paper money. Each of the thirteen colonies would eventually issue their own banknotes.
February 3, 1870
The Fifteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits denying a citizen the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”. It was completes ratification by the states on February 3, 1870 when Iowa became the 28th state to ratify the new Amendment.
However, there were no restrictions on voter eligibility laws, and many Southern states had literacy tests and poll taxes.
February 3, 1913
The Sixteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution allows the Congress to declare an income tax, without the need to base it on the census data or divide it among the states. This is considered an indirect tax, so does not violate the other parts of the Constitution.
Delaware becomes the 36th stated to ratify the amendment on February 3, 1913. It is ratified by six more after Delaware, for a total of 42. Six of the states never ratified the amendment.
February 3, 1917
President Woodrow announces in a speech before Congress that the United States is breaking off diplomatic relations with Germany. Two days before, Germany had declared that their Navy was going to pursue a policy of unlimited submarine warfare. All German cruisers in the United States were seized and the German ambassador in the United States was ordered to leave the country.
February 3, 1959
The music tour know as “The Winter Dance Party” was set to hit twenty-four cities in three weeks. This took place in the Midwest United States, and weather conditions hampered the quick travel from city to city. The tour bus that carried the singing groups was also not reliable and kept breaking down.
Holly had chartered the flight for himself and his bandmates, Waylon Jennings and Tommy Allsup, so they could get to the next city and have some free time to catch-up on lauCredit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HollyMonument.jpgndry and rest. Richardson asked Jennings to let him take the flight because of a cold. Valens asked Allsup for his seat, wanting to fly in a small plane for the experience.
On February 3, 1959, J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson, Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens left on a flight from Clear Lake, Iowa to Moorhead, Minnesota. The plane crashed 6 miles from the airport.
It was later found the 21 year old pilot, Roger Peterson, was not fully qualified on instrument flying, a skill needed for the weather they were in. This lack and the differences in the plane he was flying and the plane he trained in led, along with the inclement weather, to the crash.
This day is often now referred to as “The Day The Music Died”, which started in the song “American Pie”, by Don McLean.
February 3, 2002
The New England Patriots, a football team in Massachusetts, was established in 1959. In 2002 they were to Superbowl XXXVI and won against the favored St Louis Rams. This was the first Superbowl win in the franchise history. The team would go on to win again in 2004, 2005 and 2008.
February 3, 2008
The New York Giants, in Superbowl XLII, won a spot in the playoffs by being the wild card team. They went to the went on to upset the heavily favored New England Patriots and became the first NFC wild card team to win a Superbowl. The New England Patriots that year had had a perfect record, going 16-0, becoming the first team to go undefeated in a 16 game regular season.