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February 4th - This Day In History

By Edited Jun 12, 2016 0 0

February 4, 1789

 After the Constitutional Congress wrote the new Constitution, and it was ratified by nine states, a President had to be elected.  States met on January 7, 1789 to pick electors for the Electoral

George Washington - Winner of the Battle of Princeton
 College.  These electors then met on February 4, 1789, in their respective states, and voted for who they wanted for President of the United States. 

 In the 1789 election, of the thirteen states, votes were cast by only ten of the states.  North Carolina and Rhode Island failed to ratify the Constitution in time, and although New York had ratified the Constitution, they did not have time to elect the electors. 

 So, on February 4, 1789, George Washington was elected to be the first President of the United States, with John Adams coming in second and becoming Vice President.

 February 4, 1801

 John Marshall officially started his term of office as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.  When President John Adams needed to replace Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth, who had health problems, he had first asked ex-Chief Justice John jay, the first Chief Justice under President Washington.  John Marshall was serving as Secretary of State for President Adams.  When the letter declining the post reached President Adams, he had little time to fill the post, so as Marshall, who was there. 

 Marshall was confirmed in the post and took office on February 4, 1801.  He continued to serve as Secretary of State until President Adams left office on March 4, 1801.

 February 4, 1861

 The Montgomery Convention meets in Montgomery, Alabama for the purpose of organizing a

Confederate States of America Seal
 government for the Confederacy and to write the Constitution of the Confederate States of America.  There were seven states at the convention, consisting of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, all of which had padded secession ordinances before the Convention.   

 February 4, 1941

 The USO is incorporated on February 4, 1941, in New York.  Their purpose was to provide recreational sources and information for US Armed Forces on leave.  President D. Franklin Roosevelt recommended that already existing public service groups handle the job, and so six organizations contributed representatives to start the USO. 

 The USO stopped offering services in 1947, then started back up during the Korean War. 

 February 4, 2004

 Facebook is launched by Mark Zuckerberg and three of his friends.  It was originally launched to serve the students at Harvard, but expanded to other colleges, high schools, and then the general public.  Facebook has been the leading social networking site since April of 2008 and is the second most visited website in the United States. 

New Pictures of Pluto Released - February 4, 2010

 February 4, 2010

 NASA releases the most detailed set of pictures yet of Pluto.  The pictures were taken with the Hubble Telescope in 2002 to 2003 and will provide a resource for those picking out features for the New Horizons spacecraft to concentrate on when it flies by Pluto in 2015. 

 With this group of pictures, and by comparing them to pictures take by Hubble in 1194, there are differences that can be seen.  Researchers can see that the atmosphere on Pluto changes, growing heavier and lighter, depending on the season.  They also occur different than on Earth, since Pluto’s orbit is 248 years long and elliptical, meaning the distance from the planet to the sun changes dramatically during the orbit.  

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