February 5, 62
On February 5, 62, an earthquake hit Pompeii. The area frequently had smaller quakes, but on this day a much stronger quake hit. It is estimated that it was between 5 and 6 on the Richter scale. The city was probably busier than normal, as there were two celebrations going on that day. After the earthquake, fires caused by falling oil lamps make the loss of life worse as panic set in.
After the earthquake, some of the population left and moved to other places to resume life. Rebuilding was still taking place 17 years later when Vesuvius erupted and buried the city.
February 5, 1778
South Carolina becomes the second state to ratify the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was written by the original 13 states at the Continental Congress. The writing was initially begun in 1776 after issuing the Declaration of Independence. The Articles were sent to the states in 1777 and the process of ratification began.
The Articles of Confederation were actually in effect right away. The newly formed country needed some legitimacy for the administration to perform their duties. Maryland was the final state to ratify on March 1, 1781.
February 5, 1917
The Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is approved by the Constitutional Congress on February 5, 1917. The country had been led by Porfirio through the end of the 1800s, and in 1910 Mexican Revoloution overthrew him. The country went through several leaders, until Venustiano Carranza led a military revelotiona and overthrew the dictator in power. Carranza became what he called the PreConstitutional President of Mexico. After a period of turmoil, a Constitutional Congress met and wrote the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. In May of 1917, Carranza became President of Mexico, after having no opposition in the election.
February 5, 1971
The Lunar Module of Apollo 14 lands on the moon on February 5, 1917. Edgar Mitchell and Alan Shepard are the two astronauts who made the landing, while Stuart Roosa was left in orbit. This was the first flight with color video images. Stuart Roosa took several hundred tree seeds into space with him and they germinated after returning to Earth.
February 5, 2003
United States Secretary of State Colin Powell appears before the United Nations Security Council to try to convince them to authorize military action against Iraq. Powell stated that Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq, had biological weapons, the ability to make more, and was working on producing nuclear weapons.
Later, it came to light that a lot of the information if the speech that Powell gave was based on known inaccurate sources. After finding no sign of nuclear weapons and little sign of biological weapons, Powell and the rest of the Bush Administration came under fire for deliberately falsifying information. He resigned from office on January 26, 2005.
February 5, 2006
The Pittsburgh Steelers win Superbowl XL by defeating the Seattle Seahawks with a score of 21-10. The win made them one of three teams to win five Superbowls. The team had gone into the playoffs as a wild card seed.