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Federal Laws against Gender Discrimination

By Edited Feb 10, 2014 0 0

If back then, most women are already contented with their task of staying at home and taking care of her family, nowadays they already have the right to get a job and be a breadwinner. Women have successfully molded out of such stereotype, proving that they are just as hard of a worker as men.

Under the law females not only have the right to be employed in a position that either man or woman can fill, they also can enjoy other rights that make them more socially aware and open. Such laws are enacted to avoid gender discrimination and promote equality. Some of these federal laws are the following:

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 – Title VII promotes equal employment opportunities by banning discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.
  • Education Amendments of 1972 – Title IX of the act prohibits discrimination in education programs of schools and colleges that receive federal funds in order to provide educational and athletic opportunities to females.
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act – The law states that creditors are not allowed to discriminate their credit applicants based on their age, color, race, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, or even on the amount of income they receive from public assistance programs.
  • Equal Pay Act of 1963 – Provides protection to males and females who do the same or equal amount of work from an employer guilty of sex-based wage discrimination.
  • Fair Housing Act – Forbids discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing for people based on their race, color, national origin, religion, sex, status, and disability.
  • Family and Medical Leave Act – FMLA gives employees the right to take a leave to care for a newborn or recently adopted child, or to look after an ill family member.
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Prohibits discrimination against women workers who are – or are trying to get – pregnant.
  • US Code – Title 42, Chapter 21 of the code prohibits discrimination based on age, disability, gender, race, national origin, and religion in settings such as education, employment, access to businesses and buildings, federal services, etc.

Aside from these, many State laws have also been enacted to further prohibit discrimination in the workplace. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is the agency created to oversee the enacted laws that prevent discrimination of any kind. If an employee believes that he experienced discrimination on the job, he should file charges with the EEOC. He should also consult an employment law attorney from an experienced Los Angeles gender discrimination law firm in order to understand the proper process and compensation of his charges.

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