Job discrimination is a worldwide issue because it occurs in almost every country today. In the United States for instance, approximately 93,000 discrimination complaints were filed in 2009 which amounted to billions of dollars in compensation and back payments. Come to think of it, there are federal laws the prohibit job discrimination in the country, yet this high number of discrimination cases persists.
Maybe employers and employees need to know more about these federal laws. Below are some of the employment laws that do not allow discrimination in the workplace:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (CRA) of 1964 â The contents of Title VII state that discrimination on the basis of race, age, gender, religion, and disability is not allowed at work.
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) â Employees who are 40 years old and above often receive less salary than their younger co-employees. The ADEA is a federal law that protects these employees from such unfair treatment.
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) â If an employee has a disability but he is still qualified for work, his employer is not allowed to fire him or treat him unjustly. Instead, the employer should provide reasonable accommodations to help him work more efficiently.
- Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act (GINA) â If an employer finds out about an employee's genetic information, he is not allowed to take discriminatory actions against him because of it.
- Equal Pay Act (EPA) â EPA ensures equality in salaries and paychecks of employees with the same position. Some issues that the EPA covers include unequal pay between male and female employees, and young and old workers.
- Rehabilitation Act â In federal government, it is prohibited to discriminate against an employee just because he has a disability. This is what the Rehabilitation Act is all about.
These are the federal non-discrimination laws we have in the country. All of these laws are enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), a federal employment agency that ensures equality and fairness in every company in the US. An employee who experiences discriminatory actions from his superiors can file a complaint with the EEOC with the help of a Los Angeles discrimination lawyer.
If the EEOC's investigations are able to prove that the defendant has taken discriminatory actions against the complainant, he would be required to pay compensatory damages. This way no one would dare violate the federal anti-discrimination laws.