Being an employee, you are required to follow company polices and meet all the demands of your employer. Because you have no authority in the workplace, he may perform different illegal employment practices against you without the fear of being sued.
In order to protect yourself from possible abuses which may be done by your employer, you should be aware of your different rights in the workplace. Remember, there are different federal laws which cover the issues and problems that may arise between you and him.
If you feel that your employer has violated a certain law and deprived you of your rights, do not be afraid to take legal action against him. Consulting or seeking the legal aid of a Los Angeles employment lawyer will enable you to know more about your rights and the duties your employer has towards everyone in the workplace, including you.
The first thing that your lawyer will do is to determine what kind of federal law your employer has violated.
Here are the different federal laws that protect you in the workplace:
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990- It protects applicants and employees from discriminatory acts that may be done against them on the basis of their age.
Under ADA, local and state governments, labor unions, private employers, and employment agencies are prohibited from performing discriminatory practices against disabled qualified individuals in different areas of employment like job promotion, training programs, termination, and salary and other benefits.
This law protects people who:
o Are suffering from an impairment which limits a major life activity
o Are seen as disabled, though they are not
o Suffered from a disability before
- Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) - It sets the standards for overtime pay, child labor, recordkeeping, and minimum wage which cover both part-time and full-time employees in local, state, and federal governments as well as private sectors.
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964- It prohibits employers from performing discriminatory actions on the basis of a person's gender, disability, religion, race and national origin.
There is a limit when it comes to the protection provided by Title VII. In general, people who are singled out because of their weight or attractiveness cannot sue for discrimination because they are not included in a protected class. They may only take action against their employer if ever these characteristics are connected to a disability or to their race, among others.
For example, a person who is being unfairly treated because of his unusual facial features can sue for discrimination if he looks different because of his race.
More examples of federal laws that provide protection to employees may be seen in the next article.