Feline cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder. Urinary problems in cats is one of the most common occurrences. Cystitis in cats is also called Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS) or Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD). There are many things that can cause feline cystitis including bacteria, viruses, urinary stones or even dry food. The truth is that in more than half the cases it is usually diagnosed as idiopathic, meaning that the cause is unknown.
Signs And Symptoms Of Feline CystitisCredit: http://www.marvistavet.com/html/urinary_blockage.html
The most common signs of bladder inflammation are pain at urination, blood in the urine, more frequent urination, urinating on hard, cool surfaces such as tile floors and possibly behavioural changes including aggression and excessive self-cleaning of the cat's backside. The cat may strain to urinate and even meow in pain.
How to Cure Cystitis in Cats - Hydration
Feline cystitis treatment is based on water. The single most important factor is hydration. The cat needs to drink water and a lot of it. If the cat is seriously dehydrated, take your cat to the local veterinarian or animal hospital who will administer subcutaneous shots of fluids or intravenous administration.
Dietary management is also important. If you are feeding dry food, switching to canned food, which contains around 70% water, keeps them well hydrated. On amazon.com you can find a pack of 24 3-ounce cans of Fancy Feast Gourmet Cat Food, 3-Flavor Grilled Variety Pack (Beef, Turkey & Chicken) for $13.86. A pack of 24 5.5-ounce cans of Friskies Meaty Bits Cat Food for $12.49.
Cats are notorious for wanting to drink fresh, running water. You can find kitty water fountains as well on amazon.com. Drinkwell Original Pet Fountain can be found for $29.00, Pioneer Pet Stainless Steel Fountain Raindrop Design for $41.89 and Animal Planet Pet Fountain for $24.99.
How to Cure Cystitis in Cats - Other Factors
As stated above, the cause is often not known, but if it is known, then the treatment will be aimed at the cause. For example, if there is a bacterial infection, which actually occurs in only a small percentage of the time, then antibiotics will be used.
If there are urinary stones present they will need to be removed or dissolved and the underlying cause or predisposing factors addressed. One predisposing factor can be incorrect or inadequate diet. There are several options of diet available for healthy urinary tracts that can be used for preventing feline cystitis. You can find the following three options on amazon.com and though prices are subject to change, the following list will give you an idea of prices. Purina UR Urinary Tract Cat Food 6 lb-$25.99, Royal Canin Feline Urinary SO 24 - 5.8 oz Cans-$56.99 and Hills C/D Multicare Bladder Health Cat Food 8.5 lb-$31.99.
Keep the litter box clean and with sufficient amount of kitty litter. Also, lessen stress in the environment. There are some other treatments that local veterinarians can use if needed including antibiotics and corticosteroids. Make sure to complete the treatment according to vet instructions. Do not stop the treatment before, even if your cat seems better.
A potentially life-threatening consequence of feline cystitis is urethral obstruction which can result in death in one to three days after onset if not treated.
Feline cystitis in cats is a frequent, curable problem that can be managed and prevented with the proper treatment.