Diabetes in Cats
Diabetes is a disease of the endocrine system. The endocrine system is composed of glands located throughout the body that secrete hormones that have wide-ranging effects on all systems. The workings of this system is extremely complex and in constant research.
Diabetes is a problem involving insulin. The body uses glucose as a basis of energy and insulin is responsible for getting that energy into the cells. When the body lacks insulin, the cells become starved for energy. The place that gets hit the hardest is the brain because it can only use glucose whereas other areas of the body can use other types of energy.
Cat Diabetes Symptoms
Feline diabetes symptoms include drinking and eating more than usual yet losing weight. Because the cat drinks more, he or she will also urinate more often. This contributes to why it often takes a long time to diagnose the diabetic cat. People rarely take their cats to their local veterinarians or the animal hospital because they are eating and drinking more than usual. People usually wait until the cat becomes decompensated, which means that the feline body can no long compensate for the lack of glucose.
Managing Feline Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes, one kind requires that the cat be treated with insulin and the other does not. In most cases, the diabetic cat develops the first kind and needs insulin shots. The dosage needs to be decided on an individual basis. This is usually done by local veterinarians or at an animal hospital with the cat staying around 24 hours. The cat's blood is tested for the blood sugar level on a regular basis, usually every hour. If the dose of insulin is too high, there is a very real danger that the blood sugar level can drop too low and the cat die from this. It is fundamental that the cat be put on a strict schedule and that schedule is maintained.
There is no cure for diabetes in cats, but cats that contract feline diabetes can be treated with insulin and diet and can live happy and full lives.