Birth control methods for women may be perfect for one woman, but may not work for another. Therefore one has to choose from the following methods to see which works best for their needs. The various sorts of contraception methods for women include either barrier, natural, mechanical or hormonal methods. The primary function of the procedures are to halt sperm from fertilizing eggs to prevent pregnancy. However, please remember that no birth control method can offer 100% effectiveness and none can provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases. These methods may be permanent, temporary or reversible. Reversible methods can be stopped at any time and do not affect the ability of women to become pregnant in the future. Permanent methods are permanent and are not reversible. For women who do not have future plans to have another baby, permanent birth control is the clear choice.
Permanent Birth Control: Tubectomy (Tying Fallopian Tubes)
Tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control. It is NOT recommended as a short-term method or one that can be reversed. Tubal ligation (or "tying the tubes") is surgery to close a woman's fallopian tubes. These tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus. A woman who chooses this surgery is unable to become pregnant (sterile) unless the procedure is reversed. A Tubectomy is regarded as major surgical procedure =which requires general anesthesia. After the anesthesia takes effect, a surgeon is likely to make a small cut at both sides of, but just below the navel in order to gain access to the two fallopian tubes. With traditional tubal ligation, the surgeon severs the tubes, and then ties ( ligation ) them off thereby preventing the travel of eggs to the uterus. Tubal ligation is usually done in a hospital operating-room setting and most procedures will take around 30 minutes to complete.
Reversing A Tubectomy: Is It Possible?
Untying fallopian tubes is possible depending on the type of tubal ligation. It can also be complex and difficult procedure, however, studies have shown that 50-80% of women are able to fall pregnant after a successful procedure. If there is a chance that you will want to reverse the procedure in the future or you have doubts about becoming sterile, it is best not to choose tubal ligation as a birth control method.
2 Methods of Temporary Female Birth Control
If permanent birth control is not suitable, women can choose to use temporary methods. The two methods below are commonly chosen as ways to prevent pregnancy in the short term:
Contraceptive patch - This is a transdermal patch that is applied to the skin which releases synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones. Patches have been tested and are as effective as oral contraceptive pills. The "Patch" is worn each week for 3 consecutive weeks, commonly on the lower abdomen area. The patch is not required during the fourth week.
Contraceptive injection (or Shot) - The shot contains Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) which is a reversible hormonal birth control formula. It is injected every 3 months and stops women from releasing eggs and other contraceptive effects. Whether you choose a temporary or permanent birth control method, remember that it is an important decision and should be discussed in great detail with your partner and doctor to make sure it is the best decision for you and your family.