Fibroid Tumor Treatment Options
Fibroids are benign out growths that often develop in the uterus. These are abnormal and are commonly characterized with female infertility, increased uterine bleeding and pain.
The main causative factor of fibroids is unknown. However, it has been understood that estrogen is responsible for the development of fibroids. These fibroids get triggered in women on getting older and finally diminish in size post-menopause.
Kinds of fibroids
Fibroids initially develop in as tiny, non-cancerous outgrowths and later become large on progression. The uterus and its parts are mainly affected. The fibroids are broadly categorized depending on the affected part of the uterus. If the fibroids are formed on the outer wall of uterus, they are called sub-erosal fibroids. If the fibroids develop inside the uterine wall, then it is called a submucosal fibroid. Pedunculated fibroids usually branch out from the uterine wall. The intramural fibroids develop inside the uterine wall.
Signs and symptoms
Initially, the fibroids remain asymptomatic in around 60 percent of women. These get usually get detected by a physician on performing uterus examination. The symptoms associated with fibroids in undiagnosed women include menorrhagia (extensive bleeding during menstrual cycle), abnormal bleeding between periods, significant abdominal swelling and pelvic pain due to pressure induced by a large fibroid.
The main goal of the treatment is to maintain the normal uterine condition and provide fertility. Some of the treatments include: Medication therapy, Myomectomy, Myolysis and uterine artery embolization.
Certain medicines are prescribed by the physician to relieve the pain and gradually shrink the volume of fibroids. Some of the drugs that are recommended for treating fibroids include synthetic hormonal analogues such as gonadotropin releasing hormone and progestin which is a synthetic derivative of progesterone.
Myomectomy is a surgical procedure that is done to remove the fibroids and restore the uterus. This procedure may additionally include a uterine reconstructive surgery for few cases. This surgery is indicated to eliminate large multiple fibroids. It provides an advantage of restoring the normal menstrual flow and effectively alleviates the pelvic pain. The disadvantage of Myomectomy is it increases the chances of caesarean section in future pregnancies.
Myolysis is a procedure performed to remove small fibroids located within the uterine walls.
Uterine artery embolization
This procedure is done to shrink the size of the fibroids by blocking the fibroids blood supply.