The debate about whether or not God exists has been going on forever and is not going to end any time soon. However, there are some key points made by both sides in the debate that are repeated quite often. Below, I am going to outline five of the more common reasons that people provide for the existence of God. In a future article, I plan on covering reasons given for God not existing. There are many other arguments providing besides the one below. This article is meant to be a start. If you have any comments or opinions to add, please share them in the comments. This article is not meant to reflect my personal opinions, it is simply meant to be informative. So, let us begin the list.
1. The universe had to start somewhere - Science talks of our universe beginning with the Big Bang. Science has shown that it can explain much of how the world around us works. However, science has not been able to determine where everything came from and, specifically, what it was that triggered the Big Bang. The argument continues by pointing out the following: the exact details of how the Big Bang proceeded went on to determine the shape of our universe today. So, God exists because God was the trigger for the Big Bang and, further, ensured that the Big Bang progressed in a way that created the universe as we know it.
2. The complexity of Earth and the universe could not happen by chance - This argument states that there are certain things in the world we know that simply cannot be explained without invoking a divine hand. People point to things such as the human eye or the human brain as examples of very complex systems which science hasn't been able to explain. Also, if we look at the Earth, we find that Earth possesses the exact right properties to sustain life. It has the right amount of oxygen, abundant water, and all of the elements necessary for living things to thrive. This argument suggests that all of this is not by chance and is proof of the hand of God.
3. We have religious texts - This argument points to the religous texts we have which speak to the existence of God. Specifically, we can look at the Old and New Testament. Both of these texts have been around for thousands of years and give us specifics details on events that occurred in the past between man and God. Based on the sheer number of people which believe in these texts and the fact that these texts have been sustained for so long, we can conclude (the argument states) that God has caused these texts to be preserved and sustained.
4. Pascal's Wager - This one is not exactly a proof for God but is a reason that is often cited for observing a religion and claiming a belief in God. The argument goes as follows - God may or may not exist. However, if God does not exists, my actions (and, in fact, life as a whole) have no meaning and the way I behave is irrelevant. On the other hand, if God does exist, it is essential that I follow the tenets of my particular religion. This is because, if God exists, the potential reward for observing the religion is eternity in heaven and the punishment for non-observance is a trip to hell. The argument concludes by stating that one might as well practice a religion, because there is no drawback - either there is a God and you will go to heaven or there is no God and you will die regardless of how you live.
5. Miracles - This argument states that we have proof for God in miracles that people have witnesses. That is, there are events which defy all the known laws of physics. These events are proof of divine intervention. However, this argument is tricky because it is mainly convincing to those people who have actually witnessed a miracle. Further, miracles are often a subjective event. That is, what one person considers to be a miracle may simply seem like a very unlikely event to another person. Further, a miracle is actually not proof fod one God, specifically. Rather, it is proof that some non-physical force has intervened but we do not know that it has to be God.
There you have it, five common proofs given for the existence of God. Feel free to use the comments to debate whether you agree or disagree with these points as well as suggest other things that may belong on this list!