“Scrubs” is the term used to describe any medical uniform that consists of a short-sleeve shirt and pants. Scrubs were first worn in the 1940s, and became a standard for surgeons over the next two decades. When scrubs were introduced, it was a white antiseptic gown, which was later changed into a shade of green. Scrubs that are used in surgical procedures are hospital property, and are washed and sterilized on site.

Scrubs began to be used in order to minimize the contamination and spread of infection among patients. They also served as protective clothing, to shield the care providers from blood and other biohazard fluids. Staffs in doctor, medical and veterinary offices now all use medical scrubs. There are also some correctional facilities that utilize scrubs as a replacement for street clothes.

Scrubs are usually made of natural and man-made materials. A common mixture is 55 percent cotton and 45 percent polyester. Scrubs can also be made from 100% cotton fabric, but when choosing a 100% cotton fabric, you should consider choosing a durable and soft fabric. Non-surgical scrubs can be made from a variety of colors and patterns; these can be either customized or standard issue garments.

Green is the official color of surgical scrubs, but some medical facilities have switched to pink or light blue, to prevent theft of the garments. Different hospitals utilize color-coding systems to identify employees that are licensed care personnel from vocational or staff personnel. Pediatric clinics and children’s hospitals often use cheerful cartoon design fabrics for the scrubs, to uplift the feelings of sick children. Medical service providers also use scrubs to celebrate holidays, with different themed designs.

Under garments are now being required for any non-surgical personnel who wear scrubs. The recent outbreaks of MRSA, or Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, had medical professionals wearing scrubs to protect themselves and other patients. This does not completely prevent the spread of MRSA. A better protective garment is an undergarment that has long sleeves, which can act as a second layer of skin. This can be a barrier from harmful pathogens and MRSA.

New fabric technologies are also being developed and applied to prevent the spread of bacteria in medical facilities. There have been scrubs that were designed to stay bacteria-free for days, even without washing. Nano silver-ion technology and activated carbon are also being used to develop fabrics that can prevent the spread of harmful pathogens. Under scrub shirts that dry quickly can also help reduce the spread of pathogens in the hospital setting.

Scrub uniforms have become a staple garment in many of the health and non-health- related fields. They are easy to clean. They have also replaced the traditional uniforms of health care providers and are a more comfortable and practical method of preventing the spread of bacteria and harmful pathogens in the health care setting.