Furniture restoration is an activity that anyone can become involved in. The first thing that you need to do if you want to restore furniture is to purchase some high quality furniture.
For ideas about where to find used furniture and what to look for can be found by clicking here
After you have found a suitable piece of furniture. The next step is to take it home and inspect it. Go over your piece with a fine tooth comb. Inspect every piece of it.
The first thing you will want to look at are the joints. All furniture is put together by a series of joints. There are many different kinds of joints. Some of them are very easy to repair and some of them are not.
The first thing you need to look for is loose joints. Over time, joints can wiggle loose. A loose joint will cause undo stress on the rest of the piece, which will eventually cause a failure.
The first thing you want to do when you discover a loose joint is to see if it is possible to tighten it. If it has any screws, tighten them.
Some joint repairs are as easy as regluing the joint. For regluing, use an adhesive such as a plastic resin or epoxy. The adhesive can be forced deep into the joint using a glue gun. After you have introduced the glue into the joint, do your best to wiggle the joint in order to distribute the glue. Then place a clamp on and allow it to set for a couple of days.
Check your damaged joint in two weeks. Unfortunately, if this process has not repaired it, you will have to go to the next level, which is either reinforcing or rebuilding.
Reinforcing a joint is more complicated than regluing. Joint can be reinforced with triangular blocks of wood. I like to use these triangular blocks on all pieces of furniture in my house just because it will make them much more sturdy.
First of all, the block must be cut to size and at a 45-degree angle. After you have a suitably sized piece of wood, glue the two surfaces and then set the block into its corner, and the slowly manuever the block into place. At this point you will need to carefully evualate whether or not the piece fits your corner exactly. This part of the process can be very frustrating. It can take many tries to get this right. Just be prepared if you are working on an old piece of furniture because not all of their corners were square.
Once you have seated the block it is time to secure it with wood screws. I like to use 3 screws in each of the faces of the wood. Make sure you drill pilot holes before you screw them in to avoid splitting the wood. Countersink the screws and then fill the holes with wood filler. Make sure that you sand the filler after it dries. You will need to progressively fine sand paper and you will never be able to tell where the screw holes were after you paint.
Repairing the joints is one of the first parts of the process of restoring used furniture. It is only one part, but it is an important part that must be done correctly.