Issues: GATE Positives and Negatives Summary

            GATE has both positives and negatives that are constantly debated in schools.  Through my research I found more positive qualities of GATE then negative qualities of GATE.  The positive qualities all relate to the positive effects of having a specialized program to fit students needs. 

These positive qualities include:

1.      Meets gifted students intellectual needs

2.      Meets gifted students emotional needs

3.      Provides curriculum that enhances and extends concepts

4.      Motivates students to reach their highest potential

5.      Helps increase the application of critical thinking skills

6.      Promotes positive social-economical skills

The negative qualities of GATE are:

1.      Definition of giftedness

2.      Appropriateness of forms of gifted education

 3. Impact on schools and pupils

    This is a summary of all the positives I found.  Every student has different needs.  Gate provides specialized programs to accommodate students with highly specialized needs.  GATE provides a solution to the problem that  “both gifted and disabled students are often dissatisfied with the education system, which, while it may suit the majority of students, doesn't suit their needs” (  People who are for gifted education would argue that gifted youth are intellectually and motivationally prepared for challenge that the regular curriculum cannot offer.   GATE provides more aggressively paced lessons. These more aggressively paced lessons help accommodate the students to meet their intellectual needs. GATE students often have different emotional needs than other students and the GATE program provides those needs.  GATE programs have the common theme of making the students think with creativity.  The GATE programs ask the students to think about solving problems with alternate solutions  (  The GATE program forces the students to take intellectual risks which many bright students have trouble doing.  This makes the students think at a higher level. The GATE program focuses on “qualitatively differentiated curriculum experiences; focusing on basic skills, higher level thinking, inquiry, problem solving and creativity” (  GATE motivates the students to reach their highest potential.  Some students may feel held back in the normal curriculum classes.  GATE pushes the students to reach a higher level of thinking.  This often improves their critical thinking skills. The last positive of GATE is that it promotes positive social-economic skills.  GATE does this by allowing students to interact with other students who are on their same level intellectually.  This allows the children to be more adequately challenged (  Some argue that this prepares the students to take on real life situations they will face throughout their life. 

            This is a summary of all the negatives I found.  Giftedness can be defined in many different ways.  Children can be at many different levels in different schools but still be considered gifted.  A common definition that defines if children are gifted is:  Children who preform at high levels (   The problem is who determines what high levels are?  Does this mean the children who do the best in the class are preforming at high levels?  What if these children were preforming lower than all the schools around them but exceled compared to the children in their classroom.  Is that still considered to be gifted? Appropriateness of forms is the most debated topic on gifted education.  People who are against GATE argue that the GATE programs lack availability and flexibility.  They argue the students who are placed in GATE programs miss out on having a normal education. The impact on schools and pupils that GATE presents also is a problem.  People argue that GATE takes away resources from the children not in GATE to accommodate the children who are in GATE.  GATE children are often discriminated again by their peers who are not in GATE.  GATE programs often cause bullying from children who are not in the GATE program.  GATE affects the children’s self-confidence.  When the GATE children see themselves as being considered different from their peers they will often “play down” their intelligence.  GATE encourages stereotypes that the smart children are not good at physical activity and have social problems.  The children get called names like geek or loner.