Bonsai trees need care just like any other plant, listed below is a fundamental outline of care for your Bonsai tree.
A lot of people don't understand that most Bonsai trees should be placed outside all year round. The few exclusions would be the non-traditional tropical plants that need to be kept inside if you are not in a tropical climate.
Outdoor Bonsai should be placed wherever they'll get six or more hours of light each day.
Indoor Bonsai should get two to four hours of natural or man-made sunlight. For interior Bonsai, full spectrum fluorescents can provide the required light levels but the tree must be positioned close to the lighting.
More trees perish from a deficiency of water or very low humidity than anything. The soil used to cultivate Bonsai is normally porous dirt which drains well. The kind of soil along with the contour and style of the pot will impact how quickly the soil gets dry. Various tree types will require different levels of water to thrive. You need to study your specific species of tree for a basic guideline and then carefully keep track of the way the tree grows to ascertain if it's being watered correctly. Taking your pot and putting it over a few rocks in a tray filled with water will help increase the humidity around the tree and will help with its development. Along with normal watering, about once a week you might want to completely submerge the Bonsai tree pot right up until no more bubbles escape from the pot and the soil.
Pruning your tree is a major part of your Bonsai tree care, and you should study the methods to make sure you do it the right way. Pruning eliminates branches that clutter and hinder the aesthetic style of the tree. Pruning is also utilized to direct and control the growth of the tree. You will also have fine pruning such as pinching and leaf pruning to help encourage branching.
Try to remember while you are pruning your Bonsai that one could always get rid of anything later but it's very difficult to put it back once you have cut it. Therefore, if in doubt leave it for now. You should start with a gentle trimming and then wait 2 or 3 weeks and hold out for the bounce back to decide if you want to do extra. Pay extra interest to developing the trunk area, any place on the trunk which a branch is permitted to grow will become thick. When pruning, you should keep your top and bottom (roots) well balanced for maximum results.
Your typical Bonsai must be fertilized once or twice per month. You should mainly fertilize during the regular growing time of year. Use a water soluble fertilizer and put it on once the soil is already wet.
Proper soil choice is essential for optimum Bonsai tree treatment, the soil affects the roots, feeding, and watering of your tree. The size and shape of the pot impacts the appearance in addition to growth and wellness of your Bonsai. As a general guideline it should be about 3/4 as wide as your tree is tall and about half as deep. The level of the pot should be roughly the same as the diameter of the trunk.
Bonsai soils are designed to enhance drainage. They're usually a mix of rough sand or gravel with peat or bark included for an organic element. Different trees will need numerous percentages of grit to humus. Usually dedidious trees require about 70% humus and 30% grit while evergreens will thrive much better with 30% humus and 70% grit.
Re-potting can be an essential component of Bonsai care. It is vital to help keep the roots and the top of the tree in balance. Bonsai trees must be re-potted every two or three years. When you re-pot the Bonsai you have to trim the roots. You will usually have to remove about 1/3 of the root ball. You have to trim all of the way round the ball to keep it in balance.