Orchids are the second most prolific type of flowering plant in the world. They have been found on every continent with the exception of Antarctica. The majority of orchids hale from the tropical regions but some are native to more temperate areas. There are over 20,000 recognized orchid species with almost a limitless variety of hybrids.
With the wide variety of orchids available it is important to get proper information about the specific orchid variety you are working with. With so many species of orchids it is difficult to make definitive statements about them. Most orchids are aerial, but some are terrestrial. Most like indirect sunlight, but some thrive in direct sunlight. This is why it is important to know the variety that are being worked with and their specific needs.
A little more information about aerial orchids is warrented at this point. An aerial plant, in this case an orchid, is a plant to grows with it's root above ground. Many orchids tend to grow on the sides of trees or other raised structures, these is also caled epiphyte orchids. Terrestrial orchids grow on the grown.
A very popular epiphyte orchid is the Phalanopsis, or Phal orchid. They are a common wedding flower which grows in many different colors, including white, pink, yellow and even stripes. There are about 60 species of phal orchids and a wide combination of hybrids.
Once thought to be only attainable by the rich, orchids have become a popular house plant to many. Orchid care might be a little different than other house plants but with the right information it is really no more difficult. And with proper care orchids will reward their caretaker with a profusion of flowers, some varieties several times a year.
First time orchid owners often have a tendency to over water their orchid. With most orchids being aerial plants they are used to the roots drying out between waterings. The roots have developed a mechanism to store water to make available to the plant during dry spells. Orchid roots that are continually wet will have a tendency to root and this will not be good for the orchid.
This is just a little bit of orchid information. The main things is to gather information about your specific variety of orchid, like where it comes from and try to duplicate those conditions. If you do this your orchid should survive and hopefully thrive.