There has been written a lot about bedbug prevention and control. But what are the characteristics of the insect itself? What is the history of the bedbug? How do they replicate? The purpose of this article is to answer these questions for once and for all.  


Bedbugs are parasites that prefer to feed themselves with human blood. If humans are not in vicinity, pets and even bats will suffice too.  The bedbug has been registered as pest since the 17th century. The nasty insects were transferred to the United States by European colonists. The bedbug spread itself rapidly in all states. However around the fifties of the last century, the bedbug became nearly extinct, mainly because the increased use of DDT-gas.  What also helped was the increased hygiene of the households back then. Around 2003 the bedbug made a comeback and anno 2011 the nasty insect is stronger than ever.


It is not hard to spot a bedbug. They are red-brownish in color and have an oval form. They can be observed with bear eyes.  When the bedbug has sucked blood, it will become even redder. They also tend to grow after a blood meal. The bedbug has a sort of elongated beak with which he penetrates you at night to suck the blood. Bedbugs that are just born, also known as nymphs are almost colorless, and therefore very hard to spot. It is recommended to use a magnifying glass if you suspect presence of nymphs.

Life Cycle

The female bedbug lays one to twelve eggs a time. The eggs hatch approximately after 7 days. The length of the nymph phase is completely dependent on the amount of blood the little bedbug sucks, not on time. The more blood the nymph received, the earlier it will become adult. A bedbug can live for a year to a year and a half.


Bedbugs only attack at night when you are fast asleep. Then they will crawl too your bed and penetrate your skin with their elongated beak. After penetration, they will inject some sort of spit, that makes it easier for the bug to suck blood. It takes approximately 10 to 15 minutes for the bedbug to become satisfied. When they are ready they crawl back to a protected place in your house.

In day time, the bedbug likes to protect in dark, safe spots in your home.  They also prefer to stay in the vicinity of the potential victim. Therefore it is not uncommon they hide in the matrass of the bed itself.  Other favorite places of the bedbug are behind posters or paintings on the wall, sofa’s or banks.


Bedbug bites look like some sort of acne. They very much resemble mosquito bites; however the only difference is that bedbug bites often occur in a pattern, while mosquito bites are more random. Sometimes it takes a few days for the bites to become visible. This can be very annoying, since this is enough time for the bedbug to spread itself through your whole house…