Human papillomavirus (HPV) and genital warts pose a particular problem in pregnant women. There's risk of transmission to the fetus. Additionally, the modifications that the woman's body endures throughout pregnancy can stoke up a dormant HPV infection. Women who have genital warts and are contemplating pregnancy or who are already pregnant ought to pay attention to a number of important details about HPV. It is important to take steps to guard both your self and your baby during pregnancy.
avoiding HPV infection
Genital warts is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Many estimates have shown that HPV infection is the most common STD throughout the United States. Combating the illness begins with prevention. Women who are heterosexual are at an increased risk for contracting genital warts over heterosexual men because of the mechanics of heterosexual intercourse. The individual that receive bodily fluids during intercourse is significantly more likely to get human papillomavirus and develop genital warts as well as many other possible diseases. Therefore the first step of protecting yourself and your unborn fetus is through prevention.
Unfortunately, barrier protection(such as condoms) has been shown to only partially protect against the transmission of HPV. That is as a result of the genital warts having a significant amount of the virus. Whether or not you or your partner use male or female condoms, various types of sexual intercourse can still transmit HPV. While you ought to use a condom for each sexual encounter, it is very important to understand that condom use doesn't present full protection.
Abstinence is the one of the only ways to be completely safe from HPV. If total abstinence isn't possible then sexual contact should be avoided if there are visible genital warts that are either internal or external. This is particularly true if the warts are obviously bleeding or the skin around the lesion is clearly broken. Genital warts can still give off the virus when they appear to be dormant. The best solution is to postpone sexual relations until the infection is treated.
Changes During Pregnancy And Genital Warts
If you have ever taken the time to ask a women who has ever been pregnant, she is going to let you know how radically their physique changes as a result of the pregnancy. From a purely physiological perspective, every organ and cellular system within the physique changes in some way as a result of the pregnancy. This includes both the skin and immune systems.
A number of dermatologists as well as other medical professionals (such as OB/GYN physicians) have documented the enormous changes that usually happen to genital warts throughout pregnancy. Girls that have their HPV (and genital warts) controlled before they become pregnant often have flare-ups once they are pregnant. The immune system and skin undergo the main changes. Previously dormant genital warts often get lively during pregnancy.
The prevalence of genital warts increases during the third trimester. The lesions seem to "quiet" very quickly. If genital warts do occur during pregna0ncy, they can turn out to be very large, and get that way very rapidly. The growth of the genital warts is so rapid that the pores can break. If this occurs, immediate medical or surgical treatment is required.
It is not clear whether girls are more or less likely to get an HPV infection when they are pregnant. However, the rate of HPV infections throughout the body definitely will increase throughout the pregnancy. Whether this increase represents a new infection or is simply the eruption of genital warts that the woman already had. The prudent approach to this problem would be for girls to be careful about not contracting HPV throughout pregnancy.
HPV Throughout The Pregnancy
Pregnant girls that receive appropriate prenatal care will be subjected to a lot of prenatal tests. Such as blood type testing, STD testing, and testing for other infections. Despite this in depth aproach to the testing process, human papillomavirus isn't one of the STDs thats look for.
This lack of testing shouldn't be an oversight but relatively it's a matter of economics. The rate of HPV infection within the population is so incredibly high. Most estimates show that roughly 24 million folks living in the US have HPV. Unless there is an genital wart lesion that is visible, the danger to the unborn child is fairly low. Nevertheless, under some circumstances, special precautions should be taken.
First, sometimes genital warts cross from mom to the new child, however the method in which the virus is transmitted is just not entirely known. It does not seem that HPV crosses the placenta. What is much more likely is that genital warts are handed to the new child during delivery.
If genital warts are handed from mother to baby, the most worrisome final result is childhood laryngeal papillomatosis or recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This condition is rare but is extremely dangerous if it occurs. Giant genital wart lesions in the airway can interfere with a child's breathing.
Generally, genital warts will not need to be eliminated prior to the birth, but sometimes if genital warts are on or near the cervix, inside the vagina, or on the vulva, it is might be reasonable to remove the warts. If it is not doable to take away all genital warts prior tot he birth, the infant could also be delivered by way of Cesarean part to avoid touching the warts.
Unfortunately the majority of the medicines which are used to deal with genital warts will not be used in pregnant women. They can cause irreparable injury to the growing infant, Due to this fact, treatment for the warts is limited when the woman is pregnant.
In a lot of cases, the remedy of choice for genital warts in cases like this is trichloroacetic acid. Trichloroacetic acid is a powerful agent that burns the genital warts off of the skin. It has to be administered repeatedly for a month to two(or more) months in order to obtain the specified result. Surrounding tissue that has no visible warts on it needs to be protected with petroleum jelly. The advantage of trichloroacetic acid is that very little of the substance is absorbed into the skin.
If trichloroacetic acid doesn't destroy the genital warts as anticipated then cryotherapy might be used. Cryotherapy uses liquid nitrogen or other highly cooled liquid/gasoline to freeze the genital warts. After three months of therapy, about seventy five percent of patients no longer have genital warts.