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By Edited Jul 15, 2015 11 13

Although geography is a very broad science covering many specialized fields, it is essentially a study of the Earth and its various features and inhabitants. The word "geography" is of Greek origin, literally meaning "to describe the Earth," and is believed to have been first coined by Eratosthenes, an ancient Greek scholar who lived during the third century BC.

Geography is sometimes confused with cartography, which deals with maps. But geographers look beyond the cartographer's two-dimensional world, to study the various aspects of the Earth and human interaction, and how one affects the other.

Today, geography's goals include gaining an understanding of the Earth and its natural and manmade intricacies. As a result, geography is roughly divided into two areas of study, physical geography and human geography. Physical geography concerns itself with the physical aspects of the Earth, including the atmosphere, plant and animal life patterns, the hydrosphere and more. Human geography studies how human interactions have been shaped by the Earth's numerous envirnoments, including a look at politics, economics and culture.

Technology has helped geography make numerous advances. Remote sensing-measuring information on the Earth from a distance-and Geographic Information Systems (known as GIS) have helped humans increase their knowledge of the Earth in ways that were unimaginable when Eratosthenes first said the word "geography."



Feb 22, 2011 7:59am
helpful content for understanding basic of geography
Feb 26, 2011 5:30am
Very informative. I enjoy reading it.
Apr 2, 2011 11:50pm
very good
Apr 21, 2011 8:48pm
I love Geography that is my major in college
Apr 24, 2011 2:47pm
Geography is wonderful. I spent a great deal of time learning about different countries and attempting to learn all the capitals of the world.
May 5, 2011 7:15am
May 14, 2011 12:00pm
Thanks for a very informative article. I enjoyed it.
Have a nice day!
May 20, 2011 11:57am
whether your flights require a Gatwick to Heathrow or a Heathrow to Gatwick connections
May 25, 2011 6:45pm
Hi, I am new here, and this would be my very first topic to read! Great info! My dad always studied maps and every new edition Atlas and by age 10 I could drive back roads from Michigan to Georgia, well, I-75 was not fully finished, but we knew at some point it'd be a straight shot! (My parents are from there and moved to MI so he could work at GMC, which he did) Well, they'll still be forever fixing and improving that road, and I now go by "city markers" that's great for here in the states! Since I'm new I don't know if the photos below were chose by you or not :) but a lot of people don't know the Great Wall of China is actually ALL OVER China! The one tourist get to walk on, such as the photo below is to keep tourist grouped. I only learned that about 10 years ago as a Vietnam Veteran he still loved to travel and wanted to take me there, he had no one to go with him. I declined the offer LOL as much as I would have loved it, but he was a wealth of information on Travel. Your info added greatly to what I already know of Geography! Loved this.. is there a place to vote you up like other sites? I'll look :) and looking forward to learning more from you!
Jun 1, 2011 8:48pm
Geography is one of my favorite Jeopardy Categories!
Jun 25, 2011 1:52am
Quick and to the point. Excellent. Thanks for sharing.
Jul 24, 2011 3:24pm
Thanks for the info !!
Aug 10, 2011 6:02am
ya, So much informatics
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