Almost all of the world’s worst disasters recorded are natural calamities – tsunamis, flood, Credit: http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-images-molten-lava-erupts-stromboli-sicily-image30851034earthquake and volcano eruptions. These calamities gave humanity the fear that doomsday is about to happen. Though historians and scientists sometimes can’t provide the exact death counts, there are estimate thousands or even millions of people who died in these disasters.
Natural calamities pose solid threats to human life and properties. Just in case it happens in a populous area, more damages and risks will surely take place. The impact will more likely be bigger and wider. For the past centuries, everyone witnessed how these natural hazards changed a certain region or area in a blink of an eye. They usually make the headlines on print and TV, mostly around the world. Though there are certain factors that need to be considered for a certain event to be called as a “worst disaster”, here are some of the natural hazards that brought destruction to material assets and tested human faith.
- Hauyian Earthquake (China) – this devastating earthquake happened in 1920 that killed an approximate 235,502 people. It was mid-December of that year, around 20:06:53 when a 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit the Hauyian County in Ningxia Province. Total casualty of this disaster is still a controversy as many publications and Geological surveys are coming up with their own figures.
- Mount St. Helen’s Eruption (Washington) – May of 1980, the volcano was as quiet as a church mouse until two months earlier, a 5.1 magnitude earthquake shook its ground, the reason for its explosion. A wave of hot earth debris and ashes at a speed of 150mph flows 13 miles of North Fork down the Toutle River. Roads, rivers, landmarks and trees were no longer in sight. Everything was barren, totally blazing with ash.
- Shaanxi, Earthquake (China) – year 1556, when a catastrophic earthquake happened in China. This is among the deadliest in history killing an estimate 830,000 people. It was January, during the Ming Dynasty, when 97 regions all over China felt the trembling of the ground, destroying 840 km wide area. In some counties, almost 60% of their population was killed.
- Bhola Cyclone (Bangladesh) – a tropical cyclone struck East Pakistan, currently known as Bangladesh, in the year 1970. Almost 500,000 people lost their lives caused by the storm surge which caused the water level to rise. This strong cyclone reached the strength which equals a Category 3 hurricane.
- East Africa Drought – people were starving, everyone was dying without water to drink, people were literally skinny. This severe drought happened in 2011 with an approximate of 12.4 million people involved with no food to eat.
Every day, there are several disasters happening worldwide - earthquakes, hurricanes, cyclones, drought and typhoons. These hazards interrupt the equilibrium of nature causing series of other events. According to geologists and experts, current disasters have a relationship to what happened in the past, meaning there are certain areas in a certain country which are more prone to these natural calamities.