Glaucoma is a condition where there's optic nerve damage, that causes loss of eye sight. According to studies, glaucoma is the second leading cause in blindness. Glaucoma is a condition that can be difficult to diagnose. According to statistics from the glaucoma research foundation, 4 million people who have glaucoma, only half of them know they do. When there's increased intraocular pressure, that causes optical nerve damage. When eye fluids known as aqueous humor start to build up, or cause blockage, then that puts extra pressure on the optic nerve. The fluids exist out of the eyes from the front. Fluid build ups cause glaucoma, and can eventually lead to blindness.

According to studies, 120,00 people in the United States are blind form glaucoma. African Americans are 6 to 8 times more likely to develop glaucoma than Caucasians. Young adults can even be at risk of glaucoma. Glaucoma can also be linked to diabetes, a history of eye conditions, those who are nearsighted, and those over the age of 50. People who have glaucoma, aren't always aware they do. Regular eye testing is usually required for those who have a history of eye problems, or a family history of glaucoma.

Glaucoma can sometimes happen from corticosteroids, and eye diseases that lead to a condition known as secondary glaucoma. Surgery can sometimes result into secondary glaucoma, along with other eye injuries. A tumor or enlarged cataract can sometimes be a cause for secondary glaucoma. Those with diabetes, and who are nearsighted are at risks for developing secondary angle closure glaucoma. Typical eye pain are symptoms of secondary angle closure glaucoma. Glaucoma gets listed a secondary, when they understand what has caused glaucoma.

A condition called pigmentary glaucoma appears in young adults, and to middle aged people. Pigmentary glaucoma means when the pigment granules located in the back of the iris, start to shift off into the aqueous humor (eye fluid), and travels toward the eye canals. This increases eye pressure that leads to optic nerve damage. This form of glaucoma tends to be three likes more likely in males, than women. Exercise, jogging, and physical activities can cause an increased eye draining blockage.

Two major types of Glaucoma

Chronic glaucoma: Chronic glaucoma appears to be genetic, and the fluids cause pressure in the optic nerve and retina. Chronic glaucoma is a slow process, where the optical nerve and retina start to deteriorate over time. Chronic glaucoma causes slight blockage in the open angles. The aqueous is still able to get to the draining channels, but they start to block up slowly over time. Chronic glaucoma is the leading cause of glaucoma. Glaucoma symptoms are hard to recognize, since the condition happens slowly. When the drainage is blocked, then its called its known as angle closure glaucoma.

Those who are at risk for chronic glaucoma are Africans. It tends to be extremely rare in ages lower than 40, but more natural in ages over 65. Chronic glaucoma tends to run in the family. Eye loss won't be noticed until the condition is more advanced. Those over the age of 40 should begin to have their eyes checked regularly. Those with a family history of chronic glaucoma, or who are African descent should get regular eye checkups periodically. Vision loss can be prevented when caught early. A person can go on to have manageable eye sight under medications.

There's no glaucoma cure. Chronic glaucoma symptoms will include tunnel vision when it becomes advanced, along with gradual eye loss in both eyes. Eye drops are the common treatments used for chronic glaucoma. Sometimes eye surgery is needed when the condition is more advanced.

Acute glaucoma: Angle closure happens right away, where the drainage angle in the eye becomes blocked. Acute glaucoma symptoms include tense pain, vomiting, headache, and blurred vision. Acute glaucoma treatment is needed right away, since it can cause permanent eye damage. Acute glaucoma attacks can come when one is stressed, and sometimes can be very minor attacks. Darken rooms allow pupils to dilate, and sometimes can influence a acute attack. A procedure called laser iridotomy is sometimes used for treatment. A slight opening is made to the iris using a laser beam, which helps fluids to flow naturally. Eye drops are usually recommended afterward. The procedure is suppose to be painless and has minimized side effects.

Home remedies for glaucoma treatment

Herbal supplements might help prevent and be helpful for glaucoma treatment. Herbal supplement although can help, shouldn't be used as a primary source for treatment. Food diets that consists of high amounts of carotenoids and vitamin C help maintain proper eye health. According to studies, vitamin C can reduce introaocular pressure in patients up to 84%. Vitamins like B12 and Vitamin E can counteract glutamic acid, which can cause glaucoma. Fruits like strawberries, raspberries, oranges, and grapes are highly recommended fruits for glaucoma patients. Herbal supplements should be discussed with your doctor first.

Gingko Biloba: Gingko improves blood circulation to the eyes. Gingko comes from a maiden tree. Maintains healthy vision.

Folic acid: B-complex vitamins can play a part in treatment of glaucoma. Patients are often deficient of both B1 and B12.

Magnesium: Magnesium help relax muscles in the body. Magnesium improves eye vision. According to a research done from an eye clinic in Basel, Switzerland, 10 patients with open angle glaucoma, and normal tension glaucoma, improved eye vision after taking 243 mg everyday for 4 weeks.

Green tea: A study done in China done on rats had effective results when using green tea. Green tea is rich in antioxidants of polyphenols, catechins, and vitamin E. According to the research done by lead scientist Chi Pui Pang of the University of Hong Kong, green tea was effective in reducing oxidative stress in the eye.

Bilberry: The polyphenols and flavonoids found in bilberry help reduce pressure in the eye. Bilberry is considered a European berry, which is made up of the Ericaceae family.

Other supplements to that might help are oregano, omega-3 fatty acids, camu-camu, cod liver oil, salmon oil, oregano, and selenium.