Glycerine Soap Making
Glycerine soap making is very easy to do. It can be considered as a second string to your bow. As easy as making cookies, it is known to many as a grandmother's leisure pursuit. And because everyone loves soap in a relaxing bath, glycerine soap making is just the right effort for gift giving.
What is glycerine?
Glycerine is a pale compound famous for its moisturizing properties. It is a sweet-tasting, colorless and thick liquid that turns into a viscid paste when exposed to high temperature. It is a good solvent and can be dissolved in water or alcohol, except oils. Moreover, there are many other substances that can easily dissolve into glycerin than in water, alcohol and other solutes.
Glycerine is very great for the skin because of its hygroscopic properties. It absorbs water from air due to the chemical properties it contains. To illustrate this, exposing a bottle of pure glycerin to air would allow it to take in moisture. The pure glycerin would eventually be lessened by 20 percent as this fraction turns to water. This hygroscopic property of pure glycerine makes it dehydrating but if it is diluted in water and applied to the skin, it locks in moisture because it is a humectant.
The formation of glycerine is from the combination of fat and lyle which is principally done in soap making. Glycerine is a chemical component of fats. The interaction of fat and lyle leads to the formation of soap with glycerin as the byproduct.
But it was not until 1889 that people began separating glycerine from the soapmaking process. Before this, glycerin was commercially produced from the candlemaking industry because back then, candles were made from animal fats. The first use of glycerin was for making nitroglycerin which is an ingredient in making dynamites. But glycerin is also being used to preserve fruits, to prevent hydraulic jacks from freezing, as lotion base, mold lubricant, in printing inks and as an additive to candies and cakes. Because of its antiseptic properties, it is also used in school laboratories for preserving scientific specimens.
The process of making soaps is an effort of combining fat and lyle which results to the formation of glycerin. The glycerin found in soaps can even be filtered out and can be used as an additional ingredient to lotions, creams and other bath products. Many commercial soap makers are doing this and they actually see these glycerin-added bath products for a higher price than soap giving them higher profit.
Homemade soaps or glycerin soaps contain natural glycerin that is why most people prefer it over the commercial soaps. The use of glycerin in soap making is its most significant function. Most glycerinated soaps contain 15 to 20 percent pure glycerin. Glycerin soap making is very easy to do because they quickly solidify after melting at 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Many people prefer to use glycerin soaps because of the high amount of pure glycerin it contains compared to other commercial soaps. Glycerin has very high moisturizing capacity to the skin.
However, the high glycerine-content could cause these soaps to dissolve or melt rapidly in water. This could also be advantageous to people who loves the creamy feel of soaps. The emollient nature of glycerine soaps is good for children and the aged. Washing with glycerine soap leaves a thin layer of glycerine in the skin leaving it moisturized.
The term glycerin soap can be misleading because when you come right down to it, all real soaps are glycerin soaps. By real, it means that the soap is not created with synthetic ingredients.
Glycerine soap making---how to do it
Glycerine soap making is as easy as melting the soap, putting in some additional ingredients and pouring the mixture into a mold. It's that easy.
These are the basic things required to perform glycerine soap making: microwave-safe container, glycerine, fragrance mixtures that are safe on the skin, colorants, rubbing alcohol, molds and a stirrer. Once you have gathered these materials, spray rubbing alcohol in the mold. Melt the glycerine using a microwave or a double boiler. Cover it with a plastic wrap to prevent the water from escaping if you are using a microwave. Stir it well and make sure that everything is properly melted. If you decide to use a double boiler, put the glycerin in the top and put a huge amount of water at the bottom. Stir infrequently until everything is completely melted. Once everything is melted, remove the heat and add fragrance and coloring. Stir the mixture well and pour into the mold. Place it in an area where it can be allowed to harden. This will only take a few hours and your glycerine soap is ready for use.
Where to buy the materials?
You can buy glycerine in craft stores or in soap and candle manufacturers and suppliers. You can also purchase from various Internet sources, especially different types of soap molds. If you decide to do glycerine soap making in your own home, there are several videos and simple soap making instructions available in the web.