Gum Disease and tooth decay are two problems that unfortunately always come together. Luckily this one of the few serious health problems that is completely and utterly preventable. All it really takes is a bit of discipline and a visit or two every year to your dentist.
Gum disease can come in many different types, but when left untreated, every form of it that is, the consequence is identical. You will eventually lose all of your teeth if it goes untreated. There are two primary types of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Neither of these gum diseases are very pleasant. These disease, if you never bother to treat them, can turn into the other. What usually will happen, though this definitely doesn't always happen, gingivitis can eventually become a case of periodonitis.
Gingivitis is identified as the mildest form of the much more sever disease - periodontal disease (periodontal is a word which(through its latin roots) means around the tooth). It often causes many different symptom that include things such to minor bleeding on the gums as well as swelling. This could be reversed with a proper plan of action with the help your dentist. The trigger that is known to cause these diseases is nothing more than poor dental hygiene. Some studies have shown that genetics and underlying medical conditions may also be culprits, however the main problem, in the vast majority of cases, is not taking very good care of your teeth.
In the case of gingivitis there isn't any tissue or bone injury caused by the disease. The teeth themselves haven't began to grow to be loose from their place in the gum and bone. Periodontitis, on the other hand, can take come in many different varieties(with different symptoms and risk factors), starting from easy to deal with up to severe problems. As I already stated, periodontitis happens when gingivitis is left completely untreated. This will, in most cases, causes inflammation of the gums. This is usually as a result of plaque irritation below the gum line.
As periodontitis progresses, it causes inflammation of the gums and other problems. Finally the tissue and bone which support the gums themselves will become destroyed. As you might guess this will cause the to enamel fall out. It goes without saying that if you have let your periodontitis reach that advanced of a state, then your enamel are already in a bad state.
Forms Of Periodontitis
Aggressive periodontitis â€“ This is a ver aggressive type that may appear in childhood. Also identified as early onset periodontitis. Most people believe this could be the outcome of genetics.
Chronic periodontitis â€“ Also referred to as adult periodontitis, it can appear in adolescence however.
Illness-associated periodontitis â€“ This form of periodontitis is often the results of a situation which lowers the immune system and the body can't fight the infection. Common culprits are HIV and diabetes. This has also appeared in people who suffer from down syndrome.
Necrotizing periodontal disease: â€“ Causes dead tissue in the mouth, bleeding, ache and a nasty smell.
Gum Disease Symptoms
If you have any of the following problems then it is a good idea to see a dental professional.
* Bleeding gums, especially if you brush your teeth(this can be caused by other things)
* Your breath stinks persistently
* A gum abscess can cause puss to ooze from the teeth
Prevent Gum Disease
In my opinion the best way to treat anything is with prevention. Gingivitis might be prevented by means of a strict plan that does not let plaque build up on the enamel of your teeth. Flossing each day and brushing are very important. You should also get regular professional cleaning from your dentist.
We can additionally get gum problems as the consequence of other conditions, some that are out of our management, such as diabetes as well as hormonal fluctuations,. There are also some things which might cause it that are in our control â€“ such as poor eating habits, smoking and taking certain illegal drugs.
Gum Disease Treatments
There are numerous ways which gum disease is can be treated. Which one of these you need to undergo depends on how much the condition has progressed and what which version of gum disease you currently have.
Non-surgical Gum Disease Treatments
Profession Cleaning â€“ If you do not yet have a full blown case of periodontitis then this can really help. You simply have a dentist clean way the extra plaque that is built up.
Gum Scaling and Root Planing: The teeth are made completely plaque free by having all of the plaque and tartar scraped away and planed. This is always done when the patient is under a local anesthetic. The cleaning is done both above the gum line as well as beneath it.
Surgical Gum Disease Treatments
Pocket Reduction Surgery â€“ The tissue that makes up the gums is folded back so that all of the bacteria which is stored bellow the gum line(inside of this "pocket") is cleaned. The damaged bone will additionally be smoothed. This makes it easier for the gum tissue to correctly attach itself to the jaw bone after the surgery is over.
Guided Tissue Regeneration â€“ The goal of this surgery is to help the bone and tissue to regrow in the area surrounding a tooth that is in danger of falling out. The soft tissue is pulled away from the teeth and bone so that the tooth can cleaned. Afterwards the infected tissues are removed. A small GTR membrane is placed between the tooth and the tissue to separate them so that sluggish-rising fibers will advance to the world, together with bone cells.
Bone Grafts â€“ This is very much like the a guided tissue regeneration surgery but the bone is then filled in with other materials they are grafting on which helps to encourage re-development after the tooth has been cleaned.
Gum disease is not only a disease which can make you look really unattractive but it can also be extremely damaging to your health as well. In many different cases this can cause other health problems such as strokes and coronary heart disease. This is the result of the body having a weak immune system. When this happens the various kinds of bacteria associated with gum disease will spread throughout the rest of the body.