The health management standards set down minimum requirements for the management of health in companies where the companies have operational control. Compliance with a nation national statutory requirements is mandatory for all aspect of health management. Currently accepted scientific knowledge should be applied in interpreting these standards.
The seven (7) Minimum Health Management Standards are discuss below:
1. Health Risk Assessment - Management programmers’ are to be in place to assess, control, and document those health risks arising from chemical, physical, biological, ergonomic and psychological hazards associated with the work environment which have been identified as potentially high or medium on the Risk Assessment matrix. Health risk Assessment are to cover all activities including new projects, acquisition, closure, divestment and abandonment of facilities. Health risk management Assessment are to be carried out by competent persons in line with good practices.
Exposure monitoring and health surveillance are to be implemented where the need is identified by company or Government requirements, Result of mandatory company or Government exposure monitoring and health surveillance are to be recorded. The health risk assessment must ensure the contractors and employee managers have records of how all health risk assessment are done and risks managed to a level as low as reasonably practicable.
This should also include health surveillance and monitoring plans since this has the advantage of helping the managers to be at alert in monitoring the health conditions of their workers and nipping at the bud any risks or hazardous effects on a worker, early enough before its devastating effects manifest.
2. Monitoring Of Health Performance And Incident Reporting And Investigation - There must be adequate guidelines for monitoring of health Performance and Incident reporting and investigation in the work environment. Documents that state which activities should be continued or discontinued must be publicized and made available to contractor's supervisors. The supervisors or managers in this regard should be able to report real or suspected occupational illness, whether medical advice or attention is sought or not, and the aftermath of such occurrence. Awareness and causes of occupational illness should form part of a supervisor's daily briefing to workers.
3. Health Impact Assessment - Health impact assessment is an important measure of ensuring good and successful health risk management at work. if focuses on health issues raised by stakeholders as they affect their health and work, and the findings that are made therein are linked to strategic health management plan and directed towards improving the lot of workers and contractors.
4. Human Factors Engineering In New Projects - Human factors engineering principles are to be considered and applied during the early design stage of new facilities projects where design can have a critical impact on equipment usability and user safety of health. Human factors engineering in new projects ensures that all new facilities or projects are screened for minimum human factors provisions and requirement before they are embarked upon.
5. Product Stewardship - product stewardship ensure that material safety data sheet on a product is made available to the employee, contractors and customers. All stakeholders should be familiar with their roles in control and recovery procedures and records of such made available to show that procedures are in place.
6. Fitness To Work - fitness to work standards ensure that anybody who is to work in a location or business outfit satisfies the minimum fitness for duty standards before he or she is permitted to work. This will be more meaningful if there is regular re-examination or review of the health of workers in relation to the job that they do.
7. Local Health Facilities And Medical Emergency Response - local health facilities and medical emergency response procedures ensure that the medical services and facilities available to workers or employees to address work related injuries or illness are review from time to time by the local or regional health advisers against known standards that are appropriate to such environment and risks found in such places. plans are to be in place to respond to medical emergencies and to provide company employees access to medical services.