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History of Cardiff

By Edited May 6, 2014 0 0

The vintage glory and history of Cardiff is filled with stories of immortal heroes and events which were significant in the formulation of British polices and politics in the region. The legend of Cardiff can be dissected into primarily three prominent focal points. These are;

1) Ancient Roman Influence

2) Medieval era of reconstruction and pirates

3) Modern era discovery of black gold

Cardiff Castle

1) Roman Era

Cardiff is habituated on the ground of Triassic marshlands from Chepstow to the Ely Estuary. The legend of Cardiff initiates with Roman invasion of Britain, which began in A.D. 43. The blitz kritz movement of Roman Empire swept most of the Southern Wales until they were met with stiff resistance at the vicinity of Severn by many warlike tribes inhabiting the North Midlands of Wales. These tribes were popularly termed as barbarians by the Roman armies. Due to the strategic position held by these barbarians in the mountains, Romans were much harassed in their outflanked advancements.

By A.D. 54 under Ostorius, Romans renewed their campaign towards the northern frontiers and gained grounds, but Silures (a tribe living in the regions of Monmouthshire, Breconshire and Glamorganshire) continued to offer resistance in the south. Soon under Frontinus the subjugation of Silures was effected. Frontius was succeeded by Agricola under which the entire Wales came under Roman victor by the year A.D.78.

It is believed that Cardiff derives its name from the term "Caer-Didi" which means fort dedicated to Didius, who was a governor at a nearby province during Roman occupation and construction of a fort at Cardiff. Some of the scholars believe that the name Cardiff was coined due to river "Taff" on which the city was established.

2) Medieval era of reconstruction and pirates

Wales and Cardiff got battered badly after the frequent attacks by Saxons until Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr, Prince of Deheubarth in West Wales, was defeated by Prince of Glamorgan in the year 1080, who found later that the prince of south Wales had demolished the castle before he could take the final control. Robert Fitzhamon in 1091 began to work on the castle keep within the walls of the old Roman fort. Cardiff Castle has been at the heart of the city ever since. By the time Queen Elizabeth took the throne, Cardiff had became a victim of lawless pirates and disorder. By 1608, King James the first, had made up his mind and gave a royal charter. Till the advent of 18th century Cardiff had lost its old glory and vigor of immortal heroes and gradually became ambiguous and irrelevant in time and space of European history.

3) Modern era discovery of black gold

The presence of black gold and its discovery in Cardiff during the period of industrial revolution dramatically changed the lethargic scenario prevailing at Cardiff, with raw fuel essential for running the British industries; Cardiff soon became the backbone and power house of almost all the industries fueled by coal.

Revitalized under new circumstances Cardiff became the new hunting grounds of young entrepreneurs working their way towards the city in search of obliterated opportunities which were abundant but bottled out at that time. New settlers started arriving as skilled laborers. This historical exodus paved the path to present population dwelling in Cardiff, which is both multi cultural and multi linguistic.

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