It is well understood that the sport soccer or (football/futbol) originated from t'su chu a game played in China between 2nd and 3rd centuries BC. During this time, people dribbled leather balls directing them into small nets. There are some recorded facts that claim that Romans and Greeks used to play a football like sport for recreation. Where it is said to have its roots though is England in the medieval times. The first football had many hostile practices like punching, gouging, kicking and biting. The sport was banned at some time by King Edward III due to increased cases of violence. This happened in 1365. King James I of Scotland forbade the playing of the game in parliament in 1424. Rules were formulated in the 18th century, and the sport became popular in institutions like universities, colleges and schools. The Cambridge Rules as they were termed clarified that carrying the ball was prohibited. This principle was also emphasized by Football Association which led to football and rugby being split into two different sports.
Modern football or soccer started in 1863 in England and during that time the English Football Association was formed. Due to this, England is known as the home of the game of football. In 1930, Chile and Argentina began embracing it in South America. Football Leagues also started operating in numerous other countries. FIFA was formed in Paris in 1904 and was recognized to hold the first World Cup which was held in Uruguay. There are eight presidents that have served FIFA since it was founded right from the French Robert Guerin (1904 to 1906) to present Joseph "Sepp" Blatter (1998 to Present). FIFA has joined with other associations for a common cause. A good example of this is the partnership between FIFA and UNICEF for their "Yes for Children" program.Credit: csmonitor.com
Today there are several rules/laws for playing soccer. Here are a few of them from FIFA's Laws of the Game with key points paraphrased.
- The Number Of Players - ( no more than 11 players can play on a team)
- Fouls and Misconduct - (Here it is stated that a direct free kick is awarded to the team in which the offense was performed against. Some of the offenses include (pushing, holding, spitting at an opponent, etc)
- Duration of the Match- (The match consists of two 45 minute periods)
- The Referee - (The referee has the power to enforce any of the laws of the game)Credit: By wjarrettc (http://www.flickr.com/photos/wjarrettc/2520920491) [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0) or CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
In conclusion, soccer is an entertaining sport that has attracted many fans in the world. It has a rich history, and its development continues to astonish. The modern game has well established rules that make the game manageable at all levels. (little league, high-school, college, and professional).
I also have an article on the history of field hockey if interested.
If you would rather see my other articles, you can see my entire list.