Holidays to Croatia - Split
Holidays to Croatia would not be complete without a trip to Split. Split is the second most populated city in Croatia situated by the Adriatic Sea and is the main centre for ferry & bus travel in the country.
Split is probably most well known for the Roman Diocletian palace built in about 300AD and was the retirement home for the Emperor Diocletian when the Roman emperor retired in 305AD. The palace is one the best preserved pieces of Roman architecture from that era, in the world and is one of Croatia's top tourist destinations. Although the palace is over 1800 years old it's still central to Split and the city has grown up around it. Inside the palace there are a variety of different sites to visit. The Golden gate was originally the main entrance to the palace and even to this day is used as one of the four main routes into the palace which are all named after different metals (the others are; Silver Gate, Brass Gate and Iron Gate).
Inside the palace grounds are many restaurants and cafe's in Brace Radica Square, where you can relax and enjoy a drink or some food and view the stunning Roman architecture.
If you enjoy seeing the sites, then it's well worth visiting some some of the other incredible sites in Split.
The Cathedral of St Dominus was originally used as a mausoleum and contained the body of Diocletian until the 7th century when the sarcophagus was removed and the body of St Dominus was moved to the site and the archbishop turned it into a Christian church. This is one of the central sites within the palace and an old black granite sphinx dating from over 3000 years ago is positioned the base of the bell tower and is one of the most photographed places within the palace.
The Museum of Split was created in the 1940's (1946) in the renovated Papalic Palace from the 15th-16th century, although the exhibits are displayed in Croatian there are wall panels which translate the information into a number of different languages (including english). The museum holds a variety of different exhibitions and is an excellent place to view articles from Croatia's history over the years.
The Baptistry of St John was consecrated in the 6th century having previously been a Roman religious building, The temple of Jupiler, and now contains the remains of Bishop John (8th century) and Bishop Lawrence (11th century)
The Peristyle is a stunning Roman courtyard bordered on three sides by slender columns and is the entrance to the imperial quarters.
In addition to the sites Inside the Palace there are many other things to do in Split:
The Marjan Hill is situated on the edge of the palace, covered in pine forest and is a perfect location to admire panoramic views of the city on one side and the sea on the other. If you're looking for a break from the city this is well worth the short stroll to the top for some stunning views.
The Archaelogical Museum was founded in 1820 and is the longest established museum in Croatia with items dating as far back as 10,000 BC
The Mestrovic Gallery is positioned in the Ivan Mestrovic Palace which was built in the late 1930's and displays much of the famous Mestrovic's work.
The Croatian National Theatre in Split is one of the oldest surviving theatres in Croatia having first opened at the end of the 19th Century
If you're seeking something more relaxed, The beaches of Split have stunning clear blue water and some are even sandy (rare in Croatia). The beaches are an ideal place to relax with a cocktail, swim in the sea or even just join the locals and sunbathe, or play games.