The perennial plant Hosta is one of the most popular plants in gardens today. They are generally easy to grow and can be grown in most soil types. They can be grown in well drained clay soil as well as well watered sandy soil. These plants are grown, with a few exceptions, for their foliage.
There are many Hosta species which can be found in most nurseries. Hosta Sieboldiana varieties are some of the most common species in shade gardens and Hosta Fortunei varieties can often be found in sunnier locations.
These plants come in a range of sizes. The size ratings starting with the smallest are miniature Hostas (under 10 inches tall), small Hostas 10 inches to 15 inches tall, medium Hostas 15 inches to 18 inches tall, large Hostas 18 to 24 inches tall, and giant Hostas which are over 24 inches tall. There are width ratings as well but the plants often don't read those and continue to spread to whatever width they choose.
The color range of these plants is quite broad. The can come in blue, green, cream, yellow, white, orange, and grey. The leaves can be a solid color or they can be variegated which means having 2 or more colors on each leaf. They can have simple edge variegation or be spotted and/or streaked with the accent color.
Hosta care tends to be fairly simple. They need to be protected from pests, given regular water, have well drained soil, and occasional fertilizing. Common Hosta pests include deer, slugs, and snails. Japanese Beetles tend to like to eat my Hostas but I seldom see anyone else mention this pest in relation to this particular plant so maybe its just "MY" Hostas that are attractive to these nasty garden pests.
They can be propagated by seed (if the variety sets viable seed) or division. When trying to get an identical plant division is the only method available. You never know what you will get with a Hosta seed.
Although growing Hosta from seed will not get you an exact duplicate of the plant being propagated it can still be an exciting thing to do. You never know just what the new plants will look like. Totally new and unique varieties can be discovered by planting a few seeds.
Hostas also help to feed the local birdlife. Hummingbirds like to feed from the flowers and seed eating birds will eat the seeds.
There are so many Hosta varieties available that the only way you would not be able to find one to suit your garden is if you live in an non-irrigated desert or a non-draining swamp.