In my architectural practice I have often encountered clients with questions such as, I can't use my basement because it's wet every time it rains. Or How do I stop the leaks into my basment. And of course the worst possible comment is that there is black mold growing in by basement because it leaks after it rains. If you unfortunately built your basement below the water table in your neighborhood and your contractor did not make provisions to utilize waterproofing membrane or some other means to mechanically control the infiltration of water in your basement, then you have a much more severe problem than we will address in this article. I have found that in most cases, water leaks in basements can be cured quite easily. Just follow these tips.
Things You Will NeedCivil Engineer
Architect or Engineer
Step 1The first thing that needs to be determined is how the land surrounds your house is related to your basement wall. In most cases I have found that excavators have improperly contoured a homeowners' or business owners' land so the water actually runs toward the building. At times there is no way around this, but if this is the case there should be a swale or depression around your structure to "head-off" the water before it meets the foundation wall. If this is the case with your building it is quite likely that this is your problem or a big contributor to the problem.
Step 2Additionally, if you do not have a downspout and gutter system installed on your structure, that can certainly add the to problem created in the above step. In any event, any water that has the chance of laying against your foundation wall will drain down the walls and eventually work its way through the foundation wall system/footing system.
Step 3In determining the complicated issues of how land forms slope and what elevations are around your house or building, I would suggest that if it is suspected that your land does indeed slope toward the building, hire a competent civil engineer to give you a topographical survey of your property. Also ask him to provide you with point elevations around the perimeter of your building. This document will give you the road map to solving your problem.
Step 4You will want to additionally determine if water is actually coming up through your basement floor, for instance through a crack in the floor. If this is the case you have a ground water table problem. Also is water coming in the seam where the basement concrete floor meets the wall? If so, then it is likely your water problem is a surface water problem and can be solved quite easily.
Water or moisture in your basement can be a very concerning issue, especially when it comes to the black mold issue. If you have a surface drainage problem (i.e. reverse slope to your house), and/or water from your roof drains directly along your foundation walls, rest assured you can handle this minimally